Advertisement

Acetabular Dysplasia

  • Eustathios Kenanidis
  • Panagiotis Kakoulidis
  • Eleftherios Tsiridis
  • Bülent Atilla
  • Goran Bicanic
  • Zoran Sulje
  • Domagoj Delimar
  • Stanislav Bondarenko
  • Volodymyr Filippenko
  • Mandus Akonjom
  • Zoltán Csernátony
  • Gergely Huszanyik
  • László Kiss
  • Richard L. Purcell
  • Charles A. EnghJr
  • Hiroshi Fujita
  • John B. Meding
  • E. Michael Keating
  • Tatsuya Sueyoshi
  • Per Wretenberg
  • Sebastian Mukka
  • Ahmad S. Khaled
  • Sujith Konan
  • Fares S. Haddad
  • Gyula Győrfi
  • Lei Zhang
  • Chitranjan S. Ranawat
  • Michael Gaudiani
  • Ibrahim Azboy
  • Antonia F. Chen
  • Richard Rothman
  • Volker Otten
  • Arkan S. Sayed-Noor
  • Alberto V. Carli
  • Lazaros Poultsides
  • Seth A. Jerabek
  • Kalliopi Lampropoulou-Adamidou
  • George Hartofilakidis
Chapter

Abstract

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is the most common childhood hip disorder [1]; its prevalence however shows remarkable ethnic changes [2, 3]. The anatomical and biomechanical alterations of the acetabulum, femur and pelvis in DDH predispose to hip OA development [4]. Possible deformities encountered in different types of the disease are:
  1. 1.

    The true acetabulum may be shallow with full contact with the femoral head or partly connected with a false acetabulum or severely small, shallow and triangular with complete loss of congruency with femoral head [5].

     
  2. 2.

    Limited bone stock and usually anterior acetabular segmental wall defects. Bone stock is usually rearranged posteriorly related to acetabulum [6, 7].

     
  3. 3.

    Version deformities of the acetabulum; up to 1/3 are retroverted [6, 8, 9].

     
  4. 4.

    Insufficient coverage of femoral head from acetabulum.

     
  5. 5.

    Anteversion of the iliac rim [6].

     
  6. 6.

    Femoral hypoplasia with loss of metaphyseal flare [10].

     
  7. 7.

    Narrow and straight femoral intramedullary canal [11, 12].

     
  8. 8.

    Marked femoral anteversion and torsion and short neck [10, 13].

     
  9. 9.

    Coxavalga and lower offset [6].

     
  10. 10.

    Posterior position of the greater trochanter [6, 13].

     
  11. 11.

    Proximal femoral deformity from previous osteotomies [10, 13].

     
  12. 12.

    Distorted hip biomechanics with shortening and deficiency of abductors, flexors and extensors due to persistent dislocation [6].

     
  13. 13.

    Abundant soft tissue (capsule and ligaments) [6].

     
  14. 14.

    Unilateral limping and LLD.

     

References

  1. 1.
    Gustke K. Hip pathologies that bedevil the dysplastic hip not for the shallow surgeon. Bone Joint J. 2013;95-B(Suppl A):31–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kumar JN, Kumar JS, Wang VT, Das De S. Medium-term outcome of total hip replacement for dysplastic hips in Singapore. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2010;18:296–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bicanic G, Barbaric K, Bohacek I, Aljinovic A, Delimar D. Current concept in dysplastic hip arthroplasty: techniques for acetabular and femoral reconstruction. World J Orthop. 2014;5(4):412–24.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sakellariou VI, Christodoulou M, Sasalos G, Babis GC. Reconstruction of the acetabulum in developmental dysplasia of the hip in total hip replacement. Arch Bone Jt Surg. 2014;2(3):130–6.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hartofilakidis G, Stamos K, Karachalios T, Ioannidis TT, Zacharakis N. Congenital hip disease in adults. Classification of acetabular deficiencies and operative treatmentwith acetabuloplasty combined with total hip arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1996;78(5):683–92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Argenson JN, Flecher X, Parratte S, Aubaniac JM. Anatomy of the dysplastic hip and consequences for total hip arthroplasty. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007;465:40–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Steppacher SD, Tannast M, Werlen S, Siebenrock KA. Femoral morphology differs between deficient and excessive acetabular coverage. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008;466:782–90.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li PL, Ganz R. Morphologic features of congenital acetabular dysplasia: one in six is retroverted. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2003;416:245–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mast JW, Brunner RL, Zebrack J. Recognizing acetabular version in the radiographic presentation of hip dysplasia. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2004;418:48–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yasgur DJ, Stuchin SA, Adler EM, DiCesare PE. Subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy in total hip arthroplasty for high-riding developmental dislocation of the hip. J Arthroplast. 1997;12:880–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Noble PC, Kamaric E, Sugano N, Matsubara M, Harada Y, Ohzono K, Paravic V. Three-dimensional shape of the dysplastic femur: implications for THR. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2003;417:27–40.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Robertson DD, Essinger JR, Imura S, Kuroki Y, Sakamaki T, Shimizu T, Tanaka S. Femoral deformity in adults with developmental hip dysplasia. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1996;327:196–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Iwase T, Hasegawa Y, Kawamoto K, Iwasada S, Yamada K, Iwata H. Twenty years’ followup of intertrochanteric osteotomy for treatment of the dysplastic hip. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1996;331:245–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hartofilakidis G, Karachalios T. Total hip arthroplasty for congenital hip disease. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004;86(2):242–50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Crowe JF, Mani VJ, Ranawat CS. Total hip replacement in congenital dislocation and dysplasia of the hip. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1979;61:15–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yiannakopoulos CK, Chougle A, Eskelinen A, Hodgkinson JP, Hartofilakidis G. Inter- and intra-observer variability of the Crowe and Hartofilakidis classification systems for congenital hip disease in adults. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2008;90(5):579–83.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yiannakopoulos CK, Xenakis T, Karachalios T, Babis GC, Hartofilakidis G. Reliability and validity of the Hartofilakidis classification system of congenital hip disease in adults. Int Orthop. 2009;33(2):353–8. Epub 2007 Nov 6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hartofilakidis G, Babis GC, Lampropoulou-Adamidou K, Vlamis J. Results of Total hip Arthroplasty differ in subtypes of high dislocation. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013;471(9):2972–9.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rogers BA, Garbedian S, Kuchinad RA, Backstein D, Safir O, Gross AE. Current concepts review total hip arthroplasty for adult hip dysplasia. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012;94:1809–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bernasek TA, Haidukewych GJ, Gustke KA, Hill O, Levering M. Total hip arthroplasty requiring subtrochanteric osteotomy for developmental hip dysplasia: 5 to 14 year results. J Arthroplast. 2007;22(Suppl):145–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Boisgard S, Descampsa S, Bouillet B. Complex primary total hip arthroplasty. Orthopaed Traumatol. 2013;99S:S34–42.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Garvin KL, Bowen MK, Salvati EA, Ranawat CS. Longterm results of total hip arthroplasty in congenital dislocation and dysplasia of the hip. A follow-up note. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1991;73(9):1348–54.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Shen B, Yang J, Wang L, Zhou ZK, Kang PD, Pei FX. Midterm results of hybrid total hip arthroplasty for treatment of osteoarthritis secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip-Chinese experience. J Arthroplast. 2009;24:1157–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lakstein D, Backstein D, Safir O, Kosashvili Y, Gross AE. Trabecular metal cup for acetabular defects with 50% or less host bone contact. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2009;467(9):2318–24. Epub 2009 Mar 10PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Georgiades G, Babis GC, Kourlaba G, Hartofilakidis G. Effect of Cementlessacetabular component orientation, position, and containment in total hip arthroplasty for congenital hip disease. J Arthroplast. 2010;25(7):1143–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Doehring TC, Rubash HE, Shelley FJ, Schwendeman LJ, Donaldson TK, Navalgund YA. Effect of superior and superolateral relocations of the hip center on hip joint forces. An experimental and analytical analysis. J Arthroplast. 1996;11(6):693–703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Tanzer M. Role and results of the high hip center. Orthop Clin North Am. 1998;29(2):241–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Russotti GM, Harris WH. Proximal placement of the acetabular component in total hip arthroplasty. A long-term follow-up study. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1991;73(4):587–92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kaneuji A, Sugimori T, Ichiseki T, Yamada K, Fukui K, Matsumoto T. Minimum Ten-year results of a porous acetabular component for Crowe I to III hip dysplasia using an elevated hip center. J Arthroplast. 2009;24:187–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bicanic G, Delimar D, Delimar M, Pecina M. Influence of the acetabular cup position on hip load during arthroplasty in hip dysplasia. Int Orthop. 2009;33:397–402.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Cameron HU, Botsford DJ, Park YS. Influence of the Crowe rating on the outcome of total hip arthroplasty in congenital hip dysplasia. J Arthroplast. 1996;11(5):582–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Yoder SA, Brand RA, Pedersen DR, O’Gorman TW. Total hip acetabular component position affects component loosening rates. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1988;228:79–87.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hartofilakidis G, Stamos K, Karachalios T. Treatment of high dislocation of the hip in adults with total hip arthroplasty. Operative technique and long-term clinical results. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1998;80:510–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Pagnano MW, Hanssen AD, Lewallen DG, Shaughnessy WJ. The effect of superior placement of the acetabular component on the rate of loosening after total hip arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1996;78-A:1004–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Delimar D, Bićanić G, Pećina M, Korzinek K. Acetabular roof reconstruction with pedicled iliac graft: early clinical experience. Int Orthop. 2004;28:319–20.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Li H, Wang L, Dai K, Zhu Z. Autogenous impaction grafting in total hip arthroplasty with developmental dysplasia of the hip. J Arthroplast. 2013;28:637–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Morsi E, Garbuz D, Gross AE. Total hip arthroplasty with shelf grafts using uncemented cups. A long-term follow-up study. J Arthroplast. 1996;11(1):81–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Nousiainen MT, Maury AC, Alhoulei A, Backstein DJ, Gross AE. Long-term outcome of shelf grafts in total hip arthroplasty for developmental hip dysplasia. Orthopedics. 2009;32(9)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    McQueary FG, Johnston RC. Coxarthrosis after congenital dysplasia. Treatment by total hip arthroplasty without acetabular bone-grafting. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1988;70(8):1140–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Kobayashi S, Saito N, Nawata M, Horiuchi H, Iorio R, Takaoka K. Total hip arthroplasty with bulk femoral head autograft for acetabular reconstruction in developmental dysplasia of the hip. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2003;85:615–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Inao S, Matsuno T. Cemented total hip arthroplasty with autogenousacetabular bone grafting for hips with developmental dysplasia in adults: the results at a minimum of ten years. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2000;82:375–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Kim M, Kadowaki T. High long-term survival of bulk femoral head autograft for acetabular reconstruction in Cementless THA for developmental hip dysplasia. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2010;468:1611–20.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Delimar D, Bohacek I, Pecina M, Bicanic G. Acetabular roof reconstruction with pedicled iliac graft: ten years later. Int Orthop. 2014;38:199–201.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Shinar AA, Harris WH. Bulk structural autogenous grafts and allografts for reconstruction of the acetabulum in total hip arthroplasty. Sixteen-year-average follow-up. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1997;79:159–68.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Kwong LM, Jasty M, Harris WH. High failure rate femoral head allografts in total hip acetabula reconstructions at 10 years. J Arthroplast. 1993;8:341–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Mulroy RD, Harris WH. Failure of acetabularautogenous grafts in total hip arthroplasty. Increasing incidence: a follow- up note. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1990;72:1536–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Siegmeth A, Duncan CP, Masri BA, Kim WY, Garbuz DS. Modular tantalum augments for acetabular defects in revision hip arthroplasty. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2009;467:199–205.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Kamada T, Mashima N, Nakashima Y, Imai H, Takeba J, Miura H. Mid-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of porous tantalum modular acetabular components for hip dysplasia. J Arthroplasty. 2015;30(4):607–10.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Macheras GA, Kateros K, Koutsostathis SD, Tsakotos G, Galanakos S, Papadakis SA. The trabecular metal Monoblockacetabular component in patients with high congenital hip dislocation: a prospective study. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2010;92(5):624–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Dunn HK, Hess WE. Total hip reconstruction in chronically dislocated hips. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1976;58:838–45.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Dorr LD, Tawakkol S, Moorthy M, Long W, Wan Z. Medial protrusio technique for placement of a porous-coated, hemispherical acetabular component without cement in a total hip arthroplasty in patients who have acetabular dysplasia. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1999;81:83–92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Siebenrock KA, Tannast M, Kim S, Morgenstern W, Ganz R. Acetabular reconstruction using a roof reinforcement ring with hook for total hip arthroplasty in developmental dysplasia of the hip-osteoarthritis minimum 10-year followup results. J Arthroplast. 2005;20:492–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Gill TJ, Siebenrock K, Oberholzer R, Ganz R. Acetabular reconstruction in developmental dysplasia of the hip: results of the acetabular reinforcement ring with hook. J Arthroplast. 1999;14:131–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Pitto RP, Schikora N. Acetabular reconstruction in developmental hip dysplasia using reinforcement ring with a hook. Int Orthop. 2004;28:202–5.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Pignatti G, Stagni C, Fravisini M, Giunti A. Ceramic ceramic coupling. Total hip arthroplasty in young patients. Chir Organi Mov. 2003;88(4):369–75.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Numair J, Joshi AB, Murphy JC, Porter ML, Hardinge K. Total hip arthroplasty for congenital dysplasia or dislocation of the hip. Survivorship analysis and long-term results. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1997;79(9):1352–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Sochart DH, Porter ML. Long-term results of cemented Charnley low-friction arthroplasty in patients aged less than 30 years. J Arthroplast. 1998;13(2):123–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Dorr LD, Jones RE, Padgett DE, Pagnano M, Ranawat AS, Trousdale RT. Robotic guidance in total hip arthroplasty: the shape of things to come. Orthopedics. 2011;34(9):652–5.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Dorr LD, Malik A, Dastane M, Wan Z. Combined anteversion technique for total hip arthroplasty. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2009;467(1):119–27.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Sener N, Tözün IR, Asxik M. Femoral shortening and cementless arthroplasty in high congenital dislocation of the hip. J Arthroplast. 2002;17(1):41–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Reikeraas O, Lereim P, Gabor I, Gunderson R, Bjerkreim I. Femoral shortening in total arthroplasty for completely dislocated hips: 3-7 year results in 25 cases. Acta Orthop Scand. 1996;67(1):33–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Paavilainen T. Total hip replacement for developmental dysplasia of the hip. Acta Orthop Scand. 1997;68(1):77–84.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Charity JA, Tsiridis E, Sheeraz A, Howell JR, Hubble MJ, Timperley AJ, Gie GA. Treatment of Crowe IV high hip dysplasia with total hip replacement using the Exeter stem and shortening derotational subtrochanteric osteotomy. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2011;93(1):34–8.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Park MS, Kim KH, Jeong WC. Transverse subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy in primary total hip arthroplasty for patients with severe hip developmental dysplasia. J Arthroplast. 2007;22(7):1031–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Becker DA, Gustilo RB. Double-chevron subtrochanteric shortening derotational femoral osteotomy combined with total hip arthroplasty for the treatment of complete congenital dislocation of the hip in the adult. Preliminary report and description of a new surgical technique. J Arthroplast. 1995;10(3):313–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Cameron HU, Eren OT, Solomon M. Nerve injury in the prosthetic management of the dysplastic hip. Orthopedics. 1998;21(9):980–1.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Paavilainen T, Hoikka V, Solonen KA. Cementless total replacement for severely dysplastic or dislocated hips. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1990;72(2):205–11.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Paavilainen T, Hoikka V, Paavolainen P. Cementless total hip arthroplasty for congenitally dislocated or dysplastic hips. Technique for replacement with a straight femoral component. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1993;297:71–81.Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Nercessian OA, Newton PM, Joshi RP, Sheikh B, Eftekhar NS. Trochanteric osteotomy and wire fixation: a comparison of 2 techniques. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1996;333:208–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Menon PC, Griffiths WE, Hook WE, Higgins B. Trochanteric osteotomy in total hip arthroplasty: comparison of 2 techniques. J Arthroplast. 1998;13:92–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Thorup B, Mechlenburg I, Søballe K. Total hip replacement in the congenitally dislocated hip using the Paavilainen technique: 19 hips followed for 1.5–10 years. Acta Orthopaedica. 2009;80:259–62.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Bao N, Meng J, Zhou L, Guo T, Zeng X, Zhao J. Lesser trochanteric osteotomy in total hip arthroplasty for treating CROWE type IV developmental dysplasia of hip. Int Orthop. 2013;37:385–90.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Li X, Sun J, Lin X, Xu S, Tang T. Cementless total hip arthroplasty with a double chevron subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy in patients with Crowe type-IV hip dysplasia. Acta Orthop Belg. 2013;79:287–92.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Masonis JL, Patel JV, Miu A, Bourne RB, McCalden R, Macdonald SJ, Rorabeck CH. Subtrochanteric shortening and derotational osteotomy in primary total hip arthroplasty for patients with severe hip dysplasia: 5-year follow-up. J Arthroplast. 2003;18:68–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Kawai T, Tanaka C, Ikenaga M, Kanoe H. Cemented total hip arthroplasty with transverse subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy for Crowe group IV dislocated hip. J Arthroplast. 2011;26:229–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Bruce WJ, Rizkallah SM, Kwon YM, Goldberg JA, Walsh WR. A new technique of subtrochanteric shortening in total hip arthroplasty: surgical technique and results of 9 cases. J Arthroplast. 2000;15:617–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Makita H, Inaba Y, Hirakawa K, Saito T. Results on total hip arthroplasties with femoral shortening for Crowe’s group IV dislocated hips. J Arthroplast. 2007;22:32–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Neumann D, Thaler C, Dorn U. Femoral shortening and cementless arthroplasty in Crowe type 4 congenital dislocation of the hip. Int Orthop. 2012;36:499–503.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Koulouvaris P, Stafylas K, Sculco T, Xenakis T. Distal femoral shortening in total hip arthroplasty for complex primary hip reconstruction. A new surgical technique. J Arthroplast. 2008;23:992–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Lewallen DG. Neurovascular injury associated with hip arthroplasty. Instr Course Lect. 1998;47:275–83.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Eggli S, Hankemayer S, Muller ME. Nerve palsy after leg lengthening in total replacement arthroplasty for developmental dysplasia of the hip. J Bone Joint Surg (Br). 1999;81-B:843–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Edwards BN, Tullos HS, Noble PC. Contributory factors and etiology of sciatic nerve palsy in total hip arthroplasty. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1987;218:136–41.Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Prokopetz JJ, Losina E, Bliss RL, Wright J, Baron JA, Katz JN. Risk factors for revision of primarytotal hip arthroplasty: a systematic review. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2012;13:251.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    DiFazio F, Yong Shon W, Salvati EA, Wilson PD Jr. Long-term results of total hip arthroplasty with a cemented custom-designed swan-neck femoral component for congenital dislocation or severe dysplasia: a follow up note. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2002;84-A:204–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Hartofilakidis G, Karachalios T, Georgiades G, Kourlaba G. Total hip arthroplasty in patients with high dislocation: a concise follow up, at a minimum of fifteen years, of previous reports. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011;93-A:1614–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Woolson ST, Harris WH. Complex total hip replacement for dysplastic or hypoplastic hips using miniature or microminiature components. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1983;65-A:1099–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Dapuzzo MR, Sierra RJ. Acetabular considerations during total hip arthroplasty for hip dysplasia. Orthop Clin N Am. 2012;43:369–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Atilla B, Ali H, Aksoy MC, Cağlar O, Tokgözoğlu AM, Alpaslan AM. Position of acetabular component determines the fate of femoral head autographs in total hip replacement for acetabular dysplasia. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2007;89(7):874–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Karachalios T, Hartofylakidis G. Congenital hip disease in adults: terminology, classification, pre-operative planning and treatment. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2010;923:914–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Akiyama H, Kawanabe K, Yamamato K, Kuroda Y, So K, Goto K, Nakamura T. Cemented THA with subtrochanteric femoral shortening transverse osteotomy for severely dislocated hips: outcome with a 3 to 10 year follow-up period. J Orthop Sci. 2011;16(3):270–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Togrul E, Ozkan C, Kalaci A, Gülsen M. A new technique of subtrochanteric shortening in total hip replacement for Crowe types III–IV dysplasia of the hip. J Arthroplasty. 2010;25(3):465–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Holinka J, Pfeiffer M, Hofstaetter JG, Lass R, Kotz RI, Giurea A. Total hip replacement in congenital high hip dislocation following iliofemoral monotube distraction. Int Orthop. 2011;35(5):639–45.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Filipenko VA, Tankut VA, Tankut AV, Zhigun AI, Bondarenko SE, Akramov VR. Hip arthroplasty at dysplastic coxarthrosis. “ARS Medica” Traumatol Orthop. 2011;17(53):352–7.Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Park KS, Yoon TR, Song EK, Seon JK, Lee KB. Total hip arthroplasty in high dislocated and severely dysplastic septic hip sequelae. J Arthroplasty. 2012;27(7):1331–6.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Kiliçoğlu OI, Türker M, Akgül T, Yazıcıoğlu O. Cementless total hip arthroplasty with modified oblique femoral shortening osteotomy in Crowe type IV congenital hip dislocation. J Arthroplasty. 2013;28(1):117–25.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Traina F, De Fine M, Tassinari E, et al. Modular neck prostheses in DDH patients: 11-year results. J Orthop Sci. 2011;16(1):14–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Tamegai H, Otani T, Fujii H, et al. A modified S-ROM stem in primary total hip arthroplasty for developmental dysplasia of the hip. J Arthroplasty. 2013;28(10):1741–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Takao M, Ohzono K, Nishii T, et al. Cementless modular total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy for hips with developmental dysplasia. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011;93(6):548–55.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Oonishi H, Ohashi H, Oonishi H Jr, Kim SC. THA with hydroxyapatite granules at cement-bone interface: 15- to 20-year results. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008;466(2):373–9.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Fujita H, Katayama N, Iwase T, Otsuka H. Multi-center study of use of the Exeter stem in Japan: evaluation of 1000 primary THA. J Orthop Sci. 2012;17:370–6.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Fujita H, Okumura T, Hara H, Toda H, Harada H, Nishimura R, Tominaga T. Monitoring of blood pressure during total hip arthroplasty using the interface bioactive bone cement (IBBC) technique. J Orthop Sci. 2015;20(2):347–56.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Eskelinen A, Remes V, Ylinen P, Helenius I, Tallroth K, Paavilainen T. Cementless total hip arthroplasty in patients with severely dysplastic hips and a previous Schanz osteotomy of the femur. Acta Orthopedica. 2009;80:263–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Krych AJ, Howard JL, Trousdale RT, Cabanela ME, Berry DJ. Total hip arthroplasty with shortening subtrochanteric osteotomy in Crowe IV development dysplasia: surgical technique. J Bone Joint Surg. 2010;92:176–87.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Mahomed NN, Arndt DC, McGory BJ, Harris WH. The Harris hip score: comparison of patient self-report with surgeon assessment. J Arthroplasty. 2001;16(5):575–80.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Ng Vincent Y, Kean JR, Glassman AH. Limb-length discrepancy after hip arthroplasty: current concepts review. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013;95-A(15):1426.Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    Meermans G, Malik A, Witt J, Haddad F. Preoperative radiographic assessment of limb-length discrepancy in total hip arthroplasty. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011;469:1677–82.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Desai AS, Dramis A, Board TN. Leg length discrepancy after total hip arthroplasty: a review of literature. Curr Rev. Musculoskeletal Med. 2013;6:336–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Abdel MP, Stryker LS, Trousdale RT, et al. Uncemented acetabular components with femoral head autograft for acetabular reconstruction in developmental dysplasia of the hip: a concise follow-up report at a mean of twenty years. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014;96(22):1878–82.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Tsukada S, Wakui M. Bulk femoral head autograft without decortication in uncemented total hip arthroplasty: seven- to ten-year results. J Arthroplasty. 2012;27(3):437–44.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Abolghasemian M, Samiezadeh S, Jafari D, Bougherara H, Gross AE, Ghazavi MT. Dispalcement of the hip center of rotation after arthoplsty of Crowe III and IV Dysplasia: a radiological and biomechanical study. J Arthoplasty. 2013;28:1031–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Nawabi DH, Meftah M, Nam D, Ranawat AS, Ranawat CS. Durable fixation achieved with medialized, high hip center cementless THAs for Crowe II and III Dysplasia. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2014;472:630–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Hasegawa Y, Iwase T, Kanoh T, Seki T, Matsuoka A. Total hip arthroplasty for Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia. J Arthroplasty. 2012;27(9):1629–35.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Krych AJ, Howard JL, Trousdale RT, Cabanela ME, Berry DJ. Total hip arthroplasty with shortening subtrochanteric osteotomy in Crowe type-IV developmental dysplasia. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009;91(9):2213–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Sanchez-Sotelo J, Berry DJ, Trousdale RT, Cabanela ME. Surgical treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip in adults: II. Arthroplasty options. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2002;10(5):334–44.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Hendrich C, Mehling I, Sauer U, et al. Cementless acetabular reconstruction and structural bone-grafting in dysplastic hips. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006;88:387–94.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Rodriguez JA, Huk OL, Pellicci PM, Wilson PD. Autogenous bone grafts from the femoral head for the treatment of acetabular deficiency in primary total hip arthroplasty with cement: long-term results. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995;77:1227–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Lee BP, Cabanela ME, Wallrichs SL, Ilstrup DM. Bone-graft augmentation for acetabular deficiencies in total hip arthroplasty: results of long-term follow-up evaluation. J Arthroplasty. 1997;12:503–10.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Spangehl MJ, Berry DJ, Trousdale RT, Cabanela ME. Uncemented acetabular components with bulk femoral head autograft for acetabular reconstruction in developmental dysplasia of the hip: results at five to twelve years. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001;83:1484–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Elganzoury I, Bassiony AA. Early results of trabecular metal augment for acetabular reconstruction in revision hip arthroplasty. Acta Orthop Belg. 2013;79(5):530–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Redmond JM, Gupta A, Hammarstedt JE, Petrakos AE, Finch NA, Domb BG. The learning curve associated with robotic-assisted total hip arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2015;30(1):50–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Kanawade V, Dorr LD, Banks SA, Zhang Z, Wan Z. Precision of robotic guided instrumentation for acetabular component positioning. J Arthroplasty. 2015;30(3):392–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Domb BG, El Bitar YF, Sadik AY, Stake CE, Botser IB. Comparison of robotic-assisted and conventional acetabular cup placement in THA: a matched-pair controlled study. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2014;72(1):329–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Zhang YZ, Chen B, Lu S, Yang Y, Zhao JM, Liu R, Li YB, Pei GX. Preliminary application of computer-assisted patient-specific acetabular navigational template for total hip arthroplasty in adult single development dysplasia of the hip. Int J Med Robot. 2011;7(4):469–74.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Hartofilakidis GC, Lampropoulou-Adamidou KI, Stathopoulos IP, Vlamis JA. The outcome of 241 Charnley total hip arthroplasties performed by one surgeon 30 to 40 years ago. J Arthroplast. 2015;30(10):1767–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Hartofilakidis G, Babis GC, Lampropoulou-Adamidou K. Congenital hip disease in adults. Italia: Springer-Verlag; 2014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Roidis NT, Pollalis AP, Hartofilakidis GC. Total hip arthroplasty in young females with congenital dislocation of the hip, radically improves their long-term quality of life. J Arthroplast. 2013;28(7):1206–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Hartofilakidis G, Babis G, Georgiades G, Kourlada G. Trochanteric osteotomy in total hip replacement for congenital hip disease. J Bone Joint Surg (Br). 2011;93:601–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    Karachalios T, Hartofilakidis G. Congenital hip disease in adults: terminology, classification, pre-operative planning and management. J Bone Joint Surg (Br). 2010;92(7):914–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Lampropoulou-Adamidou K, Georgiades G, Vlamis J, Hartofilakidis G. Charnley low-friction arthroplasty in patients 35 years of age or younger. Results at a minimum of 23 years. Bone Joint J. 2013;95-B:1052–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Karachalios T, Roidis N, Lampropoulou-Adamidou K, Hartofilakidis G. Acetabular reconstruction in patients with low and high dislocation: 20- to 32- year survival of an impaction grafting technique (named cotyloplasty). Bone Joint J. 2013;95-B:887–92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eustathios Kenanidis
    • 1
  • Panagiotis Kakoulidis
    • 1
  • Eleftherios Tsiridis
    • 2
  • Bülent Atilla
    • 3
  • Goran Bicanic
    • 4
  • Zoran Sulje
    • 5
  • Domagoj Delimar
    • 6
    • 7
  • Stanislav Bondarenko
    • 8
  • Volodymyr Filippenko
    • 8
  • Mandus Akonjom
    • 8
  • Zoltán Csernátony
    • 9
  • Gergely Huszanyik
    • 10
  • László Kiss
    • 9
  • Richard L. Purcell
    • 11
    • 12
  • Charles A. EnghJr
    • 11
    • 13
  • Hiroshi Fujita
    • 14
  • John B. Meding
    • 15
  • E. Michael Keating
    • 15
  • Tatsuya Sueyoshi
    • 16
  • Per Wretenberg
    • 17
  • Sebastian Mukka
    • 18
  • Ahmad S. Khaled
    • 19
  • Sujith Konan
    • 20
  • Fares S. Haddad
    • 19
  • Gyula Győrfi
    • 9
  • Lei Zhang
    • 9
  • Chitranjan S. Ranawat
    • 21
  • Michael Gaudiani
    • 22
  • Ibrahim Azboy
    • 23
  • Antonia F. Chen
    • 24
    • 25
  • Richard Rothman
    • 26
  • Volker Otten
    • 18
  • Arkan S. Sayed-Noor
    • 18
  • Alberto V. Carli
    • 21
  • Lazaros Poultsides
    • 27
    • 28
  • Seth A. Jerabek
    • 21
    • 29
  • Kalliopi Lampropoulou-Adamidou
    • 30
  • George Hartofilakidis
    • 30
  1. 1.Academic Orthopaedic Unit, Aristotle University Medical SchoolThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Academic Orthopaedic Unit, Papageorgiou General HospitalAristotle University Medical SchoolThessalonikiGreece
  3. 3.Faculty of MedicineHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  4. 4.Al Zahra Hospital DubaiDubaiUAE
  5. 5.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and TraumatologyUniversity Hospital Centre ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  6. 6.University of Zagreb, School of MedicineZagrebCroatia
  7. 7.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity Hospital Centre ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  8. 8.Department of Joint PathologySytenko Institute of Spine and Joint PathologyKharkivUkraine
  9. 9.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of DebrecenDebrecenHungary
  10. 10.Department of TraumatologyUniversity of DebrecenDebrecenHungary
  11. 11.Anderson Orthopaedic Research InstituteAlexandriaUSA
  12. 12.Walter Reed Military, Medical CenterBethesdaUSA
  13. 13.Inova Mount Vernon Joint Replacement CenterAlexandriaUSA
  14. 14.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryInstitute of Joint Replacement, Kyoto Katsuta HospitalKyotoJapan
  15. 15.The Center for Hip and Knee Surgery, St. Francis HospitalMooresvilleUSA
  16. 16.Kobe City Medical Center General HospitalKobeJapan
  17. 17.University Hospital ÖrebroÖrebroSweden
  18. 18.Department of Surgical and Perioperative SciencesUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  19. 19.University College London HospitalLondonUK
  20. 20.Department of Trauma & OrthopaedicsUniversity College HospitalLondonUK
  21. 21.Hospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA
  22. 22.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryHospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA
  23. 23.Department of Orthopaedic and TraumatologyKoşuyolu Medipol Hospital, İstanbul Medipol UniversityİstanbulTurkey
  24. 24.Department of OrthopaedicsHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  25. 25.Brigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA
  26. 26.Rothman InstitutePhiladelphiaUSA
  27. 27.New York University School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  28. 28.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Adult ReconstructionNew York Langone Orthopaedic Hospital, New York Langone Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  29. 29.Orthopaedic Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA
  30. 30.Laboratory for the Research of Musculoskeletal System “Th. Garofalidis”Medical School, University of Athens, General Hospital of Athens KATAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations