Intraoperative Cholangiography

  • Elena RangelovaEmail author
  • Robert PadburyEmail author


During intraoperative cholangiography (IOC), radio-opaque contrast is injected into the biliary tree in order to delineate the internal anatomy of the biliary tract from intrahepatic origins to termination at the choledocho-duodenal junction. Its purpose is to visualize structural anatomical variations or morphologic abnormalities (gallstones, strictures or possible bile duct injury) that may aid the decision-making and intervention during surgery or help guide further postoperative investigation or intervention.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Theme Cancer, PA Upper Abdomen, PF Pancreas, K53Karolinska University HospitalStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Division of Surgery, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention, and Technology (CLINTEC)Karolinska InstituteStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Flinders Medical CentreSouthern Adelaide Local Health NetworkBedford ParkAustralia

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