Biliary Pain and a Normal Ultrasound

  • Amy CaoEmail author
  • Guy D. Eslick
  • Michael R. Cox


The routine investigation for patients with suspected biliary pain is a trans-abdominal ultrasound scan [1]. Whilst ultrasound is minimally invasive, low cost and easy to perform, their accuracy may be influenced by multiple factors such as operator skill, patient body habitus, fasting status and the presence of small gallstones or biliary sludge [2, 3].



We would like to thank Dr. Lily Shen from the Department of Nuclear Medicine, Nepean Hospital, NSW, Australia for the provision of the CCK-HIDA images for inclusion in this chapter.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryNepean HospitalPenrithAustralia
  2. 2.The Whiteley-Martin Research CentreThe University of SydneyPenrithAustralia

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