Advertisement

NGO Employments and Job Preferences of Youth: Evidence from Bangladesh

  • Akira Murata
  • Naoki Nishimura
Chapter

Abstract

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have flourished in Bangladesh and continue to have huge potential to provide employment opportunities for the country’s youth. However, the NGO sector faces high employee turnover rates and has difficulty in attracting qualified young people. In this chapter, we exploit the survey on young NGO staff in Bangladesh that allows us understand their job satisfaction as well as job preferences. Our empirical analyses reveal that job satisfaction is positively related to wages, gender, employment status, work location, and NGO sizes. The results from discrete choice experiments (DCEs) suggest that the most valued job attribute among youth are the provision of support for education and upgrading qualifications, and provision for health insurance. Better understanding of job preferences will enhance the employment and productivity of NGOs.

References

  1. Ahmad, Mokbul M. 2000. Donors, the State, Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and their Clients in Bangladesh. Dhaka: The Arkleton Trust.Google Scholar
  2. ———. 2002. Who Cares? The Personal and Professional Problems of NGO Fieldworkers in Bangladesh. Development in Practice 12 (2): 177–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. ———. 2007. The Careers of NGO Field-Workers in Bangladesh. Nonprofit Management & Leadership 17 (3): 349–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ahmed, Syed M., Timothy G. Evans, Hilary Standing, and Simeen Mahmud. 2013. Harnessing Pluralism for Better Health in Bangladesh. The Lancet 382 (9906): 1746–1755. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62147-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Arifeen, Shams E., Aliki Christou, Laura Reichenbach, Ferdous A. Osman, Kishwar Azad, Khaled S. Islam, Faruque Ahmed, Henry B. Perry, and David H. Peters. 2013. Community-Based Approaches and Partnerships: Innovations in Health-Service Delivery in Bangladesh. The Lancet 382 (9909): 2012–2026. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62149-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Asadullah, Mohammad N., and Nazmul Chaudhury. 2009. Holy Alliances: Public Subsidies, Islamic High Schools and Female Schooling in Bangladesh. Education Economics 17 (3): 377–394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Asadullah, Mohammad N., Antonio Savoia, and Wahiduddin Mahmud. 2014. Paths to Development: Is There a Bangladesh Surprise? World Development 62: 138–154. doi: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.05.013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. BBS. 2011. Report on the Labour Force Survey 2010. Dhaka: Ministry of Planning Statistics Division, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.Google Scholar
  9. BRAC. 2013. Annual Report 2013. Dhaka: Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee.Google Scholar
  10. Chowdhury, Mushtaque, and Richard A. Cash. 1998. A Simple Solution: Teaching Millions to Treat Diarrhea at Home. Dhaka: University Press Limited.Google Scholar
  11. Chowdhury, Mushtaque, Abbas Bhuiya, and Abdul K. Aziz. 1999. The Near Miracle Revisited: Social Science Perspectives of the Immunization Programme in Bangladesh. Amsterdam: Het Spinhuis.Google Scholar
  12. Chowdhury, Mushtaque, Abbas Bhuiya, Mahbub E. Chowdhury, Sabrina Rasheed, Zakir Hussain, and Lincoln C. Chen. 2013. The Bangladesh Paradox: Exceptional Health Achievement Despite Economic Poverty. The Lancet 382 (9906): 1734–1745. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62148-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Davis, Peter R. 2001. Rethinking the Welfare Regime Approach: The Case of Bangladesh. Global Social Policy 1 (1): 79–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fruttero, Anna, and Varun Gauri. 2005. The Strategic Choices of NGOs: Location Decisions in Rural Bangladesh. The Journal of Development Studies 41 (5): 759–787.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Goetz, Anne M. 2001. Women Development Workers: Implementing Rural Credit Programmes in Bangladesh. Dhaka: University Press Limited.Google Scholar
  16. Hasan, Samiul. 1993. Voluntarism and Rural Development in Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Public Administration 15 (1): 82–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hashemi, Syed. 1995. NGO Accountability in Bangladesh: Beneficiaries, Donors and the State. In Non-Governmental Organisations—Performance and Accountability: Beyond the Magic Bullet, ed. Michael Edwards and David Hulme, 103–110. London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  18. Hossain, Mahabub, Binayak Sen, and Yasuyuki Sawada. 2012. Jobs, Growth and Development: Making of the ‘Other’ Bangladesh. Background paper for The World Development Report 2013 Jobs. Washington, DC: The World Bank.Google Scholar
  19. ILO. 2013. School-to-Work Transition Survey (SWTS) Bangladesh 2013. Geneva: International Labour Office.Google Scholar
  20. ———. 2014. Labour Market Transitions of Young Women and Men in Bangladesh. Work 4 Youth Publication Series No.13. Geneva: Employment Policy Department, International Labour Office, Youth Employment Program.Google Scholar
  21. JICA. 2014. JICA Job Preference Survey in Bangladesh. Tokyo: Japan International Cooperation Agency.Google Scholar
  22. Kabeer, Naila, Simeen Mahmud, and Jairo G. I. Castro. 2010. NGOs’ Strategies and the Challenge of Development and Democracy in Bangladesh. IDS Working Paper 343. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies.Google Scholar
  23. Kaufmann, Daniel, Aart Kraay, and Massimo Mastruzzi. 2009. Governance Matters VIII: Aggregate and Individual Governance Indicators 1996–2008. Policy Research Working Paper Series 4978. Washington, DC: The World Bank.Google Scholar
  24. Korten, David C. 1990. Getting to the 21st Century: Voluntary Action and the Global Agenda. West Hartford, CT: Kumarian Press.Google Scholar
  25. Lewis, David. 2004. On the Difficulty of Studying ‘Civil Society’: Reflections on NGOs, State and Democracy in Bangladesh. Indian Sociology 38 (3): 299–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. McClelland, David C. 1985. Human Motivation. Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman.Google Scholar
  27. Misra, Sasi, Ratna Ghosh, and Rabindra N. Kanungo. 1990. Measurement of Family Involvement: A Cross-National Study of Managers. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 21 (2): 232–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Murata, Akira. 2014. Designing Youth Employment Policies in Egypt. Global Economy and Development Working Paper 68. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
  29. Murata, Akira, and Naoki Nishimura. 2016. Youth Employment and NGOs: Evidence from Bangladesh. JICA-RI Working Paper 124. Tokyo: JICA Research Institute.Google Scholar
  30. Perry, Henry B. 2000. Health for All in Bangladesh: Lessons in Primary Health Care for the Twenty-First Century. Dhaka: University Press Limited.Google Scholar
  31. Rahman, Sabeel. 2006. Development, Democracy and the NGO Sector: Theory and Evidence from Bangladesh. Journal of Developing Societies 22 (4): 451–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Rhode, Jon E. 2005. Learning to Reach Health for All: Thirty Years of Instructive Experience at BRAC. Dhaka: The University Press Ltd.Google Scholar
  33. Sen, Amartya. 2013. What’s Happening in Bangladesh? The Lancet 382 (9909): 1966–1968. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62162-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. The Economist. 2012. Bangladesh and Development: The Path Through the Fields. November 3. http://www.economist.com/news/briefing/21565617-bangladesh-has-dysfunctionalpolitics-and-stunted-private-sector-yet-it-has-been-surprisingly. Accessed January 2015.
  35. White, Sarah C. 1999. NGOs, Civil Society, and the State in Bangladesh: The Politics of Representing the Poor. Development and Change 30: 307–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. WHO. 2012. How to Conduct a Discrete Choice Experiment for Health Workforce Recruitment and Retention in Remote and Rural Areas: A User Guide with Case Studies. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  37. World Bank. 2003. Bangladesh Development Policy Review: Impressive Achievements but Continuing Challenges. Report 26154-BD. Washington, DC: World Bank, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Sector Unit, South Asia Region.Google Scholar
  38. ———. 2005. NGO Contracting Evaluation for the HNP Sector in Bangladesh: Evidence and Policy Options. Dhaka: World Bank.Google Scholar
  39. ———. 2006. Economics and Governance of Non-governmental Organisations in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Development Series Paper 11. Dhaka: World Bank.Google Scholar
  40. ———. 2015. Toward Solutions for Youth Employment. World Bank Other Operational Studies 23261. Geneva: World Bank.Google Scholar
  41. Zohir, Sajiad. 2004. NGO Sector in Bangladesh: An Overview. Economic and Political Weekly 39 (36): 4109–4113.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akira Murata
    • 1
  • Naoki Nishimura
    • 2
  1. 1.Chiba Keizai UniversityChibaJapan
  2. 2.Japan International Cooperation AgencyKathmanduNepal

Personalised recommendations