Development Transformation in Bangladesh: An Overview

  • Minhaj Mahmud
  • Keijiro Otsuka
  • Yasuyuki Sawada
  • Eiji Yamada


This chapter provides an overview of Bangladesh’s development experience from the viewpoint of industrial and societal transformation. We argue that the successful and accelerated development transformation that Bangladesh has achieved was fueled by three country-specific mechanisms: spectacular development of the ready-made garment (RMG) industry, which resulted in the rapid transformation of the economy from agriculture-based to industry-oriented; significant investments in infrastructure, which has helped to connect the formerly fragmented economy; and penetration of microfinance institutions (MFIs) and NGOs into rural communities that lead to relaxed credit constraints on rural poor households. This chapter also points to some of the challenges faced by the country, which need to be addressed to sustain its economic transformation and social progress.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Minhaj Mahmud
    • 1
  • Keijiro Otsuka
    • 2
  • Yasuyuki Sawada
    • 3
  • Eiji Yamada
    • 4
  1. 1.Bangladesh Institute of Development StudiesDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Kobe UniversityKobeJapan
  3. 3.Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan
  4. 4.JICA Research InstituteTokyoJapan

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