National Identity and Political Representation: Rival “Top-Down” National Projects

  • Enric Martínez Herrera
  • Thomas Jeffrey Miley


This chapter analyzes the national identity of political representatives from Spain’s “Autonomous” (Regional) Parliaments, the Spanish Congress, and the Spanish Senate. Our analysis pays special attention to the Basque Country, Catalonia, and Galicia, since these are the Autonomous Communities with the strongest nationalist movements, and indeed the main raison d’être of Spain’s quasi-federal “State of the Autonomies.” We find that the representatives for all of Spain resemble their constituencies much more than do representatives for the Basque, Catalan, and Galician Parliaments. In particular, we find quite considerable divergences between the patterns of identification among the members of the Catalan Parliament and those of the voters across most political formations. Both on the whole and in almost all specific parties, the Catalan political class expresses a profile much more nationalistic than that of their constituencies.


Free Mandate Mimetic Representation National identity Nationalism Nation-building 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enric Martínez Herrera
    • 1
  • Thomas Jeffrey Miley
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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