Design Technology for Bioenergy Conversion of Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste

  • Anthony Njuguna Matheri
  • Charles Mbohwa
  • Mohamed BelaidEmail author
  • Jane Catherine Ngila
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


In this study, we investigated the use of a laboratory batch anaerobic digester technology, for biochemical methane potential (BMP) and the bioenergy process design from anaerobic co-digestion of different organics fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) originating from the city’s landfills. The carbon-to-nitrogen (C/N) ratio of OFMSW was found to be below 13. Through co-digestion, the C/N ratio settled at 14. Laboratory experimental data from 500 ml batch anaerobic digester operating at mesophilic temperature of 37 °C and pH of 7 had good productivity of methane of average 59.49% with (54–62%) recommended in the literature and was used to derive volume of digester and surface area. Via the application of the simple multi-attribute rating (SMART) technique of multiple-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) as a decision support tool, the most preferred model option for bioenergy design technology was selected from a list of potential alternatives available in the market. The geometry of the biodigester parameters was comparable with the process.


Anaerobic digestion Co-digestion Energy Mesophilic temperature OFMSW Process design 



Anaerobic digestion


Automatic methane potential test system


Analytic hierarchy process


American Public Health Association


Biochemical methane potential


Calcium carbonate


Carbon dioxide


Carbon to nitrogen


Case-based reasoning


Continuous stirred tank reactor


Cow manure


Diameter of the tank


Dry matter


Dry solid


Height of dome


Greenhouse gas


Height of the digester


Hydraulic retention time


Multiple-criteria decision analysis


Municipal Solid Waste


Organics fraction of municipal solid waste


Process Energy and Environmental Technology Station


Volumetric flow rate


Radius of the digester


Surface area of the digester top dome


Simple multi-attribute rating


Sodium hydroxide


Total solid


Up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket


Volume of the digester top dome


Volume of the digester cylinder


Volatile solids


Volume of the digester



The authors are grateful to the City of Johannesburg, Pikitup, Robinson landfill, Johannesburg Market, Thabo Maahlatsi, Mlawule Mashego, Ms. Ireen Maile, and Renewable energy team members through the Process Energy and Environmental Technology Station (PEETS) at the University of Johannesburg for supporting this research.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony Njuguna Matheri
    • 1
  • Charles Mbohwa
    • 2
  • Mohamed Belaid
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jane Catherine Ngila
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa
  3. 3.Department of Applied ChemistryUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa

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