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Plant Invasions in the Czech Republic

  • Petr Pyšek
  • Milan Chytrý
  • Jan Pergl
  • Jiří Sádlo
  • Jan Wild
Chapter
Part of the Plant and Vegetation book series (PAVE, volume 14)

Abstract

At present there are 1454 alien taxa (species, subspecies, varieties, hybrids and cultivars) of vascular plants recorded in the Czech Republic, among them 350 archaeophytes, introduced since the beginning of the Neolithic until the end of the Middle Ages, and 1104 neophytes, introduced in the Modern Period. Of the total number, 985 (67.7%) taxa are classified as casual, 408 (28.1%) as naturalized but non-invasive and 61 (4.2%) as invasive. Aliens make up 33.1% of the total plant diversity recorded in this country, or 14.4% of the permanently present flora. The highest levels of invasion of plant communities are recorded in cities and villages and their surroundings, floodplains of large rivers, disturbed landscapes in the north, and agricultural landscapes and forest plantations in the warm lowlands, especially in southern, central and eastern Bohemia. The habitats and vegetation types harbouring the highest percentages of alien species in the Czech Republic are generally those with a high level of disturbance or with a fluctuating input of nutrients.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Jiří Danihelka, Zdeněk Kaplan and Marinus Werger for helpful comments on the manuscript, Ondřej Hájek for preparing the maps, Zdeňka Lososová for a photograph, Kryštof Chytrý for preparing photographic plates, Pavel Dřevojan and Zuzana Sixtová for editing the list of references, Tony Dixon for improving our English and Irena Axmanová for her help with proof correcting. This work was supported by project no. 14-36079G, Centre of Excellence Pladias (Czech Science Foundation), and long-term research development project no. RVO 67985939 (The Czech Academy of Sciences).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Petr Pyšek
    • 1
    • 2
  • Milan Chytrý
    • 3
  • Jan Pergl
    • 1
  • Jiří Sádlo
    • 1
  • Jan Wild
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Botany, The Czech Academy of SciencesPrůhoniceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Ecology, Faculty of ScienceCharles UniversityPraha 2Czech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Botany and ZoologyMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic

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