Men, Masculinity and Labour-Force Participation in Kaduna, Nigeria: Are There Positive Alternatives to the Provider Role?

  • Colette Harris
Part of the Global Masculinities book series (GLMAS)


The capitalist-based masculine provider norm reached Nigeria with missionaries and colonial agents and has since become integral to Nigerian manhood, although economic circumstances have prevented the majority of men from being able to meet this norm. Since the late 1980s, neoliberal-based structural adjustment has degraded educational standards and reduced employment opportunities. In Kaduna today most jobs are insecure and low paid, particularly for youths, many of whom loiter on street corners, available for incorporation into sectarian violence. Attempts to remedy this through skills training have failed. A project I ran from 2007 to 2011 used participatory gender/masculinity analysis to help young men withstand pressures towards violence, but removing the male breadwinner norm to permit couples to share economic provision in order to decrease poverty would require a major transformation.


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Colette Harris
    • 1
  1. 1.SOAS University of LondonLondonUK

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