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Participatory Process for Local Development: Sustainability of Water Resources in Rural Communities: Case Manglaralto-Santa Elena, Ecuador

  • Herrera F. GriceldaEmail author
  • Carrión M. Paúl
  • Alvarado M. Niurka
Chapter
Part of the World Sustainability Series book series (WSUSE)

Abstract

This paper describes the experience of a participatory process that has driven the development of rural communities facing water shortages, demonstrating that collaborative work is key to solve challenges and to achieve a sustainable development. In particular, the paper shows the Manglaralto’s participatory process methodology including social, economic, environmental and cultural sustainability areas, and the technical and social adaptations and interactions that have been implemented. The aim of this paper is to describe with facts and events the participatory process and its impact on water management in Manglaralto in order to contribute to the creation of a long-term integrity of natural resources and human well-being. This participatory process has been considered a global example because it was a joint effort between stakeholders, like Manglaralto communities, the Board of Water Regional Manglaralto, International Atomic Energy Agency and the Academic Community-Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral. The main results of the participatory process have been the water satisfaction for the growing demand, the integration of technical knowledge with ancestral knowledge such as the rescue of ancestral techniques like “tapes” (dykes), the work of the water board at the technical limits of aquifer capacity, avoiding its overexploitation; and the communities’ empowerment in water management.

Keywords

Lack of water Participatory process Rural communities Manglaralto 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herrera F. Gricelda
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carrión M. Paúl
    • 2
    • 3
  • Alvarado M. Niurka
    • 2
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias de la IngenieríaUniversidad Estatal Península de Santa Elena, UPSESanta ElenaEcuador
  2. 2.Centro de Investigaciones y Proyectos Aplicados a las Ciencias de la Tierra, CIPATESPOL Polytechnic University, Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral, ESPOLGuayaquilEcuador
  3. 3.Facultad de Ingeniería en Ciencias de la Tierra, FICTESPOL Polytechnic University, Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral, ESPOLGuayaquilEcuador

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