Nipple-Areola Complex Reconstruction

  • Francesca De LorenziEmail author
  • Benedetta Barbieri
  • V. Lohsiriwat


The reconstruction of the nipple-areola complex (NAC) is an integral part of breast cancer treatment after mastectomy or central quadrants, transforming the reconstructed mound into a breast. The final result becomes pleasing and natural. NAC reconstruction has a positive psychological impact on breast cancer patient; it may cover part of the mastectomy scar [1]. However, not all women desire to complete the reconstruction, and generally older patients do not.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesca De Lorenzi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Benedetta Barbieri
    • 2
  • V. Lohsiriwat
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Plastic SurgeryEuropean Institute of OncologyMilanItaly
  2. 2.Divisione di Chirurgia Ricostruttiva, Division of Plastic SurgeryMilanoItaly
  3. 3.Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Siriraj HospitalMahidol UniversityBangkokThailand

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