Advertisement

Thyroid Cancer

  • Christopher H. Chapman
  • Adam Garsa
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter will discuss the epidemiology, workup, and management of thyroid cancer, with an emphasis on external beam radiotherapy technique and published evidence.

Keywords

Thyroid carcinoma Papillary Follicular Hürthle cell Medullary Anaplastic Radioactive iodine Post-operative radiation therapy 

Notes

Acknowledgment

We thank Jennifer S. Yu MD, PhD, Joy Coleman MD, and Jeanne Marie Quivey MD, FACR, for their work on the prior edition of this chapter.

References

  1. Brierley J, Tsang R, Simpson WJ, et al. Medullary thyroid cancer: analyses of survival and prognostic factors and the role of radiation therapy in local control. Thyroid. 1996;6(4):305–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brierley J, Tsang R, Panzarella T, et al. Prognostic factors and the effect of treatment with radioactive iodine and external beam radiation on patients with differentiated thyroid cancer seen at a single institution over 40 years. Clin Endocrinol. 2005;63(4):418–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chow SM, Yau S, Kwan CK, et al. Local and regional control in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma: specific indications of external radiotherapy and radioactive iodine according to T and N categories in AJCC 6th edition. Endocr Relat Cancer. 2006;13(4):1159–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Haugen BR, Alexander EK, Bible KC, et al. 2015 American Thyroid Association management guidelines for adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer: the American Thyroid Association guidelines task force on thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. Thyroid. 2016;26(1):1–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Haymart MR, Banerjee M, Yin H, et al. Marginal treatment benefit in anaplastic thyroid cancer. Cancer. 2013;119:3133–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kebebew E, Greenspan FS, Clark OH, et al. Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. Treatment outcome and prognostic factors. Cancer. 2005;103(7):1330–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Keum KC, Suh YG, Koom WS, et al. The role of postoperative external-beam radiotherapy in the management of patients with papillary thyroid cancer invading the trachea. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006;65(2):474–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kiess AP, Agrawal N, Brierley JD, et al. External-beam radiotherapy for differentiated thyroid cancer locoregional control: a statement of the American Head and Neck Society. Head Neck. 2016;38(4):493–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Martinez SR, Beal SH, Chen A, et al. Adjuvant external beam radiation for medullary thyroid carcinoma. J Surg Oncol. 2010;102(2):175–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Romesser PB, Sherman EJ, Shaha AR, et al. External beam radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy in advanced or recurrent non-anaplastic non-medullary thyroid cancer. J Surg Oncol. 2014;110(4):375–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Xing M, Liu R, Liu X, et al. BRAF V600E and TERT promoter mutations cooperatively identify the most aggressive papillary thyroid cancer with highest recurrence. J Clin Oncol. 2014;32(25):2718–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiation OncologyUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Radiation OncologyUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations