The Decision-Making Process in Traumatic Lesions of the Craniovertebral Junction: An Evidence-Based Approach? Part II

  • Pasquale Ciappetta
  • M. Alsagheir
  • Francesco Signorelli
  • Lorenzo Pescatori
  • Massimiliano Visocchi
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica Supplement book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 125)


This paper is Part II of a two-part report. Part I of the report covered atlanto-occipital dislocation or dissociation, and isolated condylar fractures. This part of the report covers isolated and combination fractures of the atlas and axis.


Craniovertebral junction Injuries Evidence 


Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

No financial support was received for this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pasquale Ciappetta
    • 1
  • M. Alsagheir
    • 2
  • Francesco Signorelli
    • 3
    • 4
  • Lorenzo Pescatori
    • 5
  • Massimiliano Visocchi
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Section of Neurological Surgery, University of Bari Medical SchoolBariItaly
  2. 2.Section of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Misurata Medical SchoolMisurataLibya
  3. 3.Institute of Bio-imagingCatholic University School of MedicineRomeItaly
  4. 4.Institute of NeurosurgeryCatholic University School of MedicineRomeItaly
  5. 5.Institute of Neurosurgery, “La Sapienza” University School of MedicineRomeItaly

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