The Decision-Making Process in Traumatic Lesions of the Craniovertebral Junction: An Evidence-Based Approach? Part I

  • Pasquale Ciappetta
  • M. Alsagheir
  • Francesco Signorelli
  • Massimiliano Visocchi
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica Supplement book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 125)


Evidence-based medicine is a rather young concept, which entered the scientific literature in the early 1990s.


Craniovertebral junction Injuries Evidence 


Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

No financial support was received for this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pasquale Ciappetta
    • 1
  • M. Alsagheir
    • 2
    • 3
  • Francesco Signorelli
    • 4
  • Massimiliano Visocchi
    • 4
  1. 1.Section of Neurological SurgeryUniversity of Bari Medical SchoolBariItaly
  2. 2.Section of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Misurata Medical SchoolMisurataLibya
  3. 3.Institute of Bio-imagingCatholic University School of MedicineRomeItaly
  4. 4.Institute of NeurosurgeryCatholic University School of MedicineRomeItaly

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