Posttraumatic Anatomical Injuries of the Craniovertebral Junction and Treatment Implications: Part II

  • Pasquale Ciappetta
  • M. Alsagheir
  • Francesco Signorelli
  • Massimiliano Visocchi
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica Supplement book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 125)


This paper is Part II of a two-part report. In Part I of the report, injuries of the occipital bone, atlanto-occipital dissociation and the atlanto-occipital joint space were discussed. This part of the report discusses atlantoaxial dislocation and fractures of the atlas and axis.


Craniovertebral junction Anatomy Trauma Treatment 


Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

No financial support was received for this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pasquale Ciappetta
    • 1
  • M. Alsagheir
    • 2
  • Francesco Signorelli
    • 3
    • 4
  • Massimiliano Visocchi
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Section of Neurological Surgery, University of Bari Medical SchoolBariItaly
  2. 2.Section of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Misurata Medical SchoolMisurataLibya
  3. 3.Institute of Bio-imagingCatholic University School of MedicineRomeItaly
  4. 4.Institute of NeurosurgeryCatholic University School of MedicineRomeItaly

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