Occipitocervical fusion is a surgical technique in continuous evolution due to the innovation of devices, operative and instrumentation techniques. The aetiologies responsible for occipitocervical instability are trauma, neoplastic disease, metabolic disease or congenital disease. A variety of stabilization techniques are currently available depending on the type of patient and surgeon’s experience. Each of these techniques requires thorough knowledge of the anatomy of the craniovertebral junction.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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