Endoscope-Assisted Far Lateral Approach to the Craniovertebral Junction with Neuronavigation: A Cadaver Laboratory Experience

  • Francesco Signorelli
  • Marco Pace
  • Vittorio Stumpo
  • Pasquale Ciappetta
  • Alessandro Costantini
  • Alessandro Olivi
  • Massimiliano Visocchi
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica Supplement book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 125)


The far lateral approach (FLA) is a technique performed nowadays to gain access to and remove intradural lesions located ventrolaterally to the brainstem and to the craniovertebral junction (CVJ).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Signorelli
    • 1
  • Marco Pace
    • 1
  • Vittorio Stumpo
    • 1
  • Pasquale Ciappetta
    • 2
  • Alessandro Costantini
    • 3
  • Alessandro Olivi
    • 1
  • Massimiliano Visocchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of NeurosurgeryCatholic University School of MedicineRomeItaly
  2. 2.Section of Neurological SurgeryUniversity of Bari Medical SchoolBariItaly
  3. 3.Institute of RadiologyCatholic University School of MedicineRomeItaly

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