Internationalizing Minimal English: Perils and Parallels

  • Nicholas Farrelly
  • Michael Wesley


This chapter links the development of Minimal English to the concerns of practitioners and analysts of international affairs. Using examples from the Asian region, the authors suggest that, in this new era of multipolar intercultural relations, the need for neutral languages for coordination is greater than ever. A case study of US–China relations shows that using English in ways that do not acknowledge its heavy cultural and power baggage can invite misunderstanding and resistance. The authors argue that Minimal English offers a chance to move from a mode of domination and socialization to a mode of coordination and renegotiation.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicholas Farrelly
    • 1
  • Michael Wesley
    • 2
  1. 1.ANU Myanmar Research CentreActonAustralia
  2. 2.Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

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