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Rural-Urban Meliponiculture and Ecosystems in Neotropical Areas. Scaptotrigona, a Resilient Stingless Bee?

  • Sol Martínez-Fortún
  • Carlos Ruiz
  • Natalia Acosta Quijano
  • Patricia Vit
Chapter

Abstract

Traditional knowledge of meliponiculture (stingless bee keeping) is a land-use legacy. Scaptotrigona species successfully kept in Ecuador, Mexico, and Venezuela stand on diverse backgrounds (tradition, availability, handiness, empirical evidence). Sustainable techniques are needed to improve management of stingless bees and to protect pollinator-plant interactions. Rural-urban stingless bee meliponaries have ecological, economic and social key-components. We investigated the perception of economic benefits achieved by conservation of forest resources approached by surveys in rural communities of southern Ecuador and eastern Mexico.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors thank Dr. D.W. Roubik for timely comments received and English editing. Dr. O. M. Barth’s and Dr. T. Heard’s proofreading was appreciated. Dr. C. Menezes improved our title. Ecuadorian academic institutions (Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Universidad Nacional de Loja, Universidad de Las Américas, Universidad Técnica de Machala), Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán from México, and the Council of Scientific, Humanistic, Technological and Art Development, from Universidad de Los Andes, Merida, Venezuela. Ecuadorian public institutions (Productive Management Department of the Prefecture of Loja, Parish governments of Pindal and Zapotillo), Venezuelan school Unidad Educativa Alberto Ravel, Praia Grande from Amazonas state, and nonprofit organizations (Naturaleza y Cultura Internacional, Fundación Altrópico, Asociación la Restinga). Likewise, leading experts on stingless bee keeping participated from Ecuador and other countries (Mexico, Peru, Spain, and Venezuela). The local participants in these activities showed a great interest in contributing to the revitalization of the native stingless bee keeping, to increase farming income and to enhance their territory and life quality.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sol Martínez-Fortún
    • 1
  • Carlos Ruiz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Natalia Acosta Quijano
    • 3
    • 4
  • Patricia Vit
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Natural ScienceUniversidad Técnica Particular de LojaLojaEcuador
  2. 2.Animal Biology Department, Veterinary DepartmentCampus de Espinardo, Universidad de MurciaMurciaSpain
  3. 3.Posgraduate in Regional Rural Development, Universidad Autonoma ChapingoTexcocoMexico
  4. 4.Technical Coordination, Istaku Spinini A.C.VeracruzMexico
  5. 5.Apitherapy and Bioactivity, Food Science DepartmentFaculty of Pharmacy and Bioanalysis, Universidad de Los AndesMéridaVenezuela
  6. 6.Cancer Research Group, Discipline of Biomedical Science, Cumberland Campus C42, The University of SydneyLidcombeAustralia

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