Pot-Pollen as a Discipline: What Does It Include?

  • David W. RoubikEmail author
  • Jorge Enrique Moreno Patiño


Here we discuss melittopalynology and palynology, quantitative methods, and examples from field studies. The relatively large number of undescribed tropical plant species, 15–50% of the endemic species or even in the family as a whole, produces taxonomic difficulties using barcoding molecular approaches. We emphasize the necessity of studying palynomorphs using the light microscope, particularly to define a genus or “pollen type” as a means for analysis. Classic techniques and a unified lexicon are important, as is development of refined techniques for studying bee-collected pollen.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • David W. Roubik
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jorge Enrique Moreno Patiño
    • 1
  1. 1.Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Calle PortobeloBalboa, AnconRepublic of Panama

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