The Vulva During Childhood

  • Adriadna Caussade


Girls’ vulva and vagina are particularly susceptible to various clinical conditions because of their anatomy, their lack of estrogen exposure, and frequent contact with irritants. In this chapter we will analyze the girl’s anatomy and how it differs from that of the adult, the most suitable testing and examination methods in that age group, and the hygiene measures recommended to preserve vulvovaginal health. The girls’ vulva may be affected by a wide range of conditions, including congenital defects, infections, dermatosis, dermatitis, and coalescence of the labia minora. This chapter will also focus on vulvovaginitis and the most common related infections, including the clinical and therapeutic controversies on HPV, the varying degrees of dermatitis and lichen sclerosus, with all the diagnostic challenges they pose, and recommended treatments. Finally, we will focus on the coalescence of labia minora and its monitoring.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriadna Caussade
    • 1
  1. 1.Clínica de Tracto Genital InferiorMontevideoUruguay

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