Vulvar Disease pp 229-230 | Cite as

Urethral Caruncle and Prolapse

  • Amanda Selk


A urethral caruncle is a benign lesion of the distal urethra. Urethral prolapse occurs when the urethral mucosa is everted circumferentially all the way around the urethral meatus. In contrast, with a urethral caruncle, there is only partial eversion of the distal urethra. Often the terms urethral prolapse and urethral caruncle are incorrectly used interchangeably. Caruncles occur most commonly in low estrogen states and are treated with topical estrogen if they are causing symptoms.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanda Selk
    • 1
  1. 1.Women’s College Hospital, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of TorontoTorontoCanada

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