Advertisement

Spatial Aspects of Personification in International News

  • Marta SeveroEmail author
  • Laurent Beauguitte
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Morphogenesis book series (LECTMORPH)

Abstract

Together with politics, international news is often considered to be one of the most prestigious fields of journalism. However, making international news attractive is increasingly difficult. Today, one of the main strategies employed by journalists consists in mentioning individuals in the news. The reader is supposed to identify with the mentioned individual(s), and the story is expected to be more successful as a consequence. This paper investigates the interest of using quali-quantitative content analysis to study the semiotics of international news. We analyse six daily newspapers from three developed countries and examine three complementary aspects of the relation between individuals and international news: the level of personification, the type of individual mentioned and the geographical scale to which individuals is connected.

Keywords

Content analysis International news Space Personification Rhetorical strategies 

References

  1. Beauguitte, L., & Severo, M. (2014). Les flux RSS pour les études territoriales: une analyse de l’individu et ses espaces dans les actualités internationales du New York Times. In Proceedings du 2e colloque international du CIST (pp. 32–37).Google Scholar
  2. Beauguitte, L., Severo, M., & Pecout, H. (2016). Une analyse géomédiatique de l’actualité internationale: hiérarchies et effets de voisinage. L’Espace géographique, 45(2), 124–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bendix, J., & Liebler, C. M. (1999). Place, distance, and environmental news: Geographic variation in newspaper coverage of the spotted owl conflict. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 89(4), 658–676.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boczkowski, P. J. (2005). Digitizing the News: Innovation in online newspapers. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  5. Boczkowski, P. J., & de Santos, M. (2007). When More Media equals less news: Patterns of content homogenization in Argentina’s leading print and online newspapers. Political Communication, 24(2), 167–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bourdieu, P. (1996). Sur la télévision suivi de L’emprise du journaliste. Paris: Liber, Raisons d’agir.Google Scholar
  7. Brants, K. (1998). Who’s afraid of infotainment? European Journal of Communication, 13(3), 315–335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brooker-Gross, S. R. (1983). Spatial aspects of newsworthiness. Geografiska Annaler, Series B, Human Geography, 65(1), 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chaudhary, A. J. (2001). A comparative content analytical study of negative news in western and third world newspapers. Asian Journal of Communication, 11(1), 25–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cottle, S., & Ashton, M. (1999). From BBC newsroom to BBC newscentre: On changing technology and journalist practices. Convergence, 5(3), 22–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dagiral, E., & Parasie, S. (2012). Presse en ligne: où en est la recherche? Réseaux, 2, 13–42.Google Scholar
  12. Eco, U. (1976). A theory of semiotics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Eco, U. (1979). The role of the reader. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Eco, U. (2000). Kant and the platypus. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.Google Scholar
  15. Galtung, J., & Ruge, M. H. (1965). The structure of foreign news. The presentation of the Congo, Cuba and Cyprus crises in four Norwegian newspapers. Journal of Peace Research, 2(1), 64–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Greimas, A. J. (1987). On meaning. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.Google Scholar
  17. Hamilton, J. M., & Jenner, E. (2004). Redefining foreign correspondence. Journalism, 5(3), 301–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Harcup, T., & O’Neill, D. (2001). What is news? Galtung and Ruge revisited. Journalism Studies, 2(2), 261–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Herkenrath, M., & Knoll, A. (2011). Protest events in international press coverage: An empirical critique of cross-national conflict databases. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 53(3), 163–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lévêque, S., & Ruellan, D. (Eds.). (2010). Journalistes engagés. Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes.Google Scholar
  21. Marty, E., Rebillard, F., & Smyrnaios, N. (2009). Online news between redundancy and diversity: A quantitative study of French Speaking News Websites. In Colloque new media and communication, Athen, May 6–9.Google Scholar
  22. Östgaard, E. (1965). Factors influencing the flow of news. Journal of Peace Research, 2(1), 39–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Patterson, T. E. (2000). Doing well and doing good. Kennedy School of Government Working Paper, 01-001.Google Scholar
  24. Paterson, C. (2005). News agency dominance in international news on the internet. Converging Media, Diverging Politics: A Political Economy of News in the United States and Canada (pp. 145–164). Lexington: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  25. Peterson, S. (1981). International news selection by the elite press: A case study. Public Opinion Quarterly, 45(2), 143–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rastier, F. (2011). La mesure et le grain: sémantique de corpus. Paris: Champion.Google Scholar
  27. Rosengren, K. E. (1970). International news: Intra and extra media data. Acta Sociologica, 13(2), 96–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sande, Ø. (1971). The perception of foreign news. Journal of Peace Research, 8(3/4), 221–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sarkar, M. B., Butler, B., & Steinfield, C. (1995). Intermediaries and Cybermediaries: A continuing role for mediating players in the electronic marketplace. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 1(3), 1–14.Google Scholar
  30. Schramm, W. (1949). The nature of news. Journalism Quarterly, 26(3), 259–269.Google Scholar
  31. Severo, M., & Beauguitte, L. (2015). Archiving news on the Web through RSS flows. A new tool for media studies. In RESAW Proceedings, June, Aarhus.Google Scholar
  32. Staab, J. F. (1990). The role of news factors in news selection: A theoretical reconsideration. European Journal of Communication, 5(4), 423–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Stoll, M. A. (2005). Geographical skills mismatch, job search and race. Urban Studies, 42(4), 695–717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Thussu, D. K. (2007). News as entertainment: The rise of global infotainment. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  35. Wu, D. H. (2000). Systemic determinants of international news coverage: A comparison of 38 countries. Journal of Communication, 50(2), 110–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zinna, A. (2004). Le interfacce degli oggetti di scrittura: teoria del linguaggio e ipertesti. Rome: Meltemi Editore srl.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Paris NanterreNanterreFrance
  2. 2.CNRSParisFrance

Personalised recommendations