A Dual Processor Energy-Efficient Platform with Multi-core Accelerator for Smart Sensing

  • Antonio Pullini
  • Stefan Mach
  • Michele Magno
  • Luca Benini
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 205)

Abstract

Energy-efficient computing has increasingly come into focus of research and industry over the last decade. Ultra-low-power architectures are a requirement for distributed sensing, wearable electronics, Internet of Things and consumer electronics. In this paper, we present a dual-mode platform that includes an ultra-low power Cortex Arm M4 microcontroller coupled with a highly energy efficient multi-core parallel processor. The platform is designed to maximize the energy efficiency in sensors applications by exploiting the Cortex Arm M4 to achieve ultra-low power processing and power management, and enables the multi-core processor to provide additional computational power for near-sensor data centric processing (i.e. accelerating Convolutional Neural Networks for image classification) increasing energy efficiency. The proposed platform enhances the application scenarios where on-board processing (i.e. without streaming out the sensor data) enables intensive computation to extract complex features. The platform is geared towards applications with limited energy budget, as for example in mobile or wearable scenarios where the devices are supplied by a battery. Experimental results confirm the energy efficiency of the platform, demonstrate the low power consumption, and the benefits of combining the two processing engines. Compared to a pure microcontroller platform we provide a boost of 80× in terms of computational power when running general purpose code and a boost of 560× when performing convolutions. Within a reasonable power budged of 20 mW compatible to battery-operated scenarios the system can perform 345 MOPS of general purpose code or 1.5 GOPS of convolutions.

Keywords

Low power design Sensors platform Energy efficiency Power management Multi-core processor 

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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Pullini
    • 1
  • Stefan Mach
    • 1
  • Michele Magno
    • 1
  • Luca Benini
    • 1
  1. 1.Integrated Systems LaboratoryETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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