Miniaturised Flame Ionisation Detector for Explosion Protection in Civil Sewerage Networks

  • Jan FörsterEmail author
  • Winfred Kuipers
  • Christian Koch
  • Christian Lenz
  • Steffen Ziesche
  • Dominik Jurkow
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 205)


This work presents a new approach to enhance the civil safety by monitoring the civil sewerage networks to prevent formation of explosive atmospheres and thus enabling early initialisation of counter measures. For this approach a new system with a miniaturised flame ionisation detector (FID) as embedded sensor has been developed. The micro FID embeds the fluidic components, the micro burner, the electrical structures for ignition and ion current measurement, and resistive temperature measurement elements in one monolithic ceramic component. Characterisation of the micro FID revealed good sensor performance with high sensitivity and reduced gas consumption compared to conventional FIDs. Thus, this micro FID is an excellent choice for an embedded sensor in the context of monitoring the civil sewerage.


Monitoring of civil infrastructure Civil safety Embedded sensor Flame ionisation detector Ceramic multilayer technology 



This work is part of the project “FIDEX – Autonomer Mikroflammen-ionisations-detektor für den Explosionsschutz in zivilen Kanalisationsnetzen” and is financially supported by the German Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF (#13N13271).


  1. 1.
    Flammeninferno nach Explosion von Bahn-Zisternenwagen. Neue Züricher Zeitung (2009)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Explosion in der Kanalisation. Stuttgarter Zeitung (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hill, H.H., McMinn, D.G.: Detectors for capillary chromatography. J. Chem. Anal., 7–21 (1992)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Amirav, A., Tzanani, N.: Electrolyzer-powered flame ionization detector. Anal. Chem. 69, 1248–1255 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zimmermann, S., Wischhusen, S., Müller, J.: Micro flame ionization detector and micro flame spectrometer. J. Sens. Actuators B 63, 159–166 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kuipers, W.J., Müller, J.: A planar micro-flame ionization detector with an integrated guard electrode. J. Micromech. Microeng. 18 (2008) Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kuipers, J., Müller, J.: Characterization of a microelectromechanical systems-based counter-current flame ionization detector. J. Chromatogr. A 1218, 1891–1898 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lenz, C., Neubert, H., Ziesche, S., Förster, J., Koch, C., Kuipers, W., Deilmann, M., Jurkow, D.: Development and characterization of a miniaturized flame ionization detector in ceramic multilayer technology for field applications. In: Proceedings of Eurosensors (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kuipers, W.J.: Design, Fabrication and Characterization of a MEMS-Based Counter-Current Flame Ionization Detector. Doktor Hut Verlag, München (2011)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Grob, R.L.: Modern practice of gas chromatography, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York (1995)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Förster
    • 1
    Email author
  • Winfred Kuipers
    • 2
  • Christian Koch
    • 1
  • Christian Lenz
    • 3
  • Steffen Ziesche
    • 3
  • Dominik Jurkow
    • 4
  1. 1.Krohne Innovation GmbHDuisburgGermany
  2. 2.Krohne Messtechnik GmbHDuisburgGermany
  3. 3.Fraunhofer Institue IKTSDresdenGermany
  4. 4.VIA ElectronicsHermsdorfGermany

Personalised recommendations