Epidemiology of Alpine Skiing Injuries
In this chapter you can find an overview of the alpine ski injuries in general population and in top athletes of different countries; differences between the two groups, identification of risk factors and mechanism of injury are analysed. We will show epidemiology in both sex, body district involved and trauma mechanisms, we highlight changes in injury numbers during last 30 years; this can be important to understand why the incidence of injuries from the 1970s to the present day significantly reduced and to learn the role that changes in safety regulations, preparation of the slopes, technical capacity of practitioners and evolution of the equipment had had in this trend. We will find that the knee is involved in more or less 50% of total alpine ski injuries. That’s the reason why lower leg biomechanics is the most studied by physiologist, orthopaedics, sports physician, physiotherapist and athletic trainers that work in alpine ski in order to define injury prevention strategies.
KeywordsAlpine ski injury Injury risk factors Mechanism of injury Knee biomechanics Injury prevention Ski science Epidemiology Athletes Sport-specific injury
- 3.Italian Alpine Ski Team technicians and trainers personal communicationsGoogle Scholar
- 7.Cotelli C, Canclini A, Lupotto P (20–21 ottobre 2000) Analisi biomeccanica della forza espressa in curva. Atti del Secondo Congresso “La medicina dello sport e gli sport invernali”: “Lo sci alpino: valutazione funzionale, tecniche di preparazione, aspetti fisiopatologici”. CuneoGoogle Scholar
- 11.Elmqvist LG, Johnson RJ (1994) The crucial ligaments: diagnosis and treatment of ligamentous injuries about the knee. Churchill Livingstone, New York, NY, pp 495–505Google Scholar
- 13.Fu FH (2001) Sports injuries. Cap 32. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
- 14.PL M, McQudlen EN, Eaton LA et al (1998) Downhill Ski fatalities: the Vermont experience. J Trauma 28:95Google Scholar