Advertisement

Training and Testing for Elite Skiers

  • Roberto Manzoni
  • Andrea Viano
Chapter
Part of the Sports and Traumatology book series (SPORTS)

Abstract

Alpine skiing is a sport spread all over the world. Several elements contribute to athletic performance: technical, tactical, psychological and physical. In this chapter we will analyse different training methods applied to elite alpine skiers and describe classical functional tests utilised to monitoring performance changes.

References

  1. 1.
    Chicco Cotelli, Mario Cotelli (2008) Sci moderno. La storia degli ultimi 40 anni. La ricerca scientifica. Le quattro discipline. Mulatero EditoreGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Claudio Scotton (2003) Classificazione tecnica delle Discipline Sportive. Calzetti Mariucci EditoreGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hébert-Losier K, Supej M, Holmberg HC (2014) Biomechanical factors influencing the performance of elite alpine ski racers. Sports Med 44:519–533CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ferguson RA (2010) Limitations to performance during alpine skiing. Exp Physiol 95(3):404–410CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tesch PA (1995) Aspects on muscle properties and use in competitive alpine skiing. Med Sci Sports Exerc 27(3):310–314CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Neumayr G, Hoertnagl H, Pfister R, Koller A, Eibl G, Raas E (2003a) Physical and physiological factors associated with success in professional alpine skiing. Int J Sports Med 24:571–575CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gilgien M, Spörri J, Chardonnens J, Kröll J, Müller E (2013) Determination of external forces in alpine skiing using a differential global navigation satellite system. Sensors 13(8):9821–9835CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Müller E, Schwameder H (2003) Biomechanical aspects of new techniques in alpine skiing and ski-jumping. J Sport Sci 21:679–692. Published online: 13 Jun 2008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hintermeister RA, O’Connor DD, Dillman CJ, Suplizio CL, Lange GW, Steadman JR (1995) Muscle activity in slalom and giant slalom skiing. Med Sci Sports Exerc 27(3):315–322CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Berg HE, Eiken O (1999) Muscle control in elite alpine skiing. Med Sci Sport Exer 31(7):1065–1067CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Haaland B (2015) Injury rate and injury patterns in FIS World Cup Alpine Skiing: have the new ski regulations made an impact? Master thesis in Sports Physiotherapy, Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport SciencesGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jackson AS, Pollock ML (1978) Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. Br J Nutr 40:497CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Federolf P, Reid R, Gilgien M, Haugen P, Smith G (2014) The application of principal component analysis to quantify technique in sports. Scand J Med Sci Sports 24:491–499CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Turnbull JR, Kilding AE, Keogh WL (2009) Physiology of alpine skiing. Scand J Med Sci Sports 19(2):146–155CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Kümmel J, Kramer A, Giboin LS, Gruber M (2016) Specificity of balance training in healthy individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med 46(9):1261–1271CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Supej M, Senner V, Petrone N, Holmberg HC (2017) Reducing the risks for traumatic and overuse injury among competitive alpine skiers. Br J Sports Med 51(1):1–2CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Huxel Bliven KC, Anderson BE (2013) Core stability training for injury prevention. Sports Health 5(6):514–522CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Hoppeler H (2016) Moderate load eccentric exercise: a distinct novel training modality. Front Physiol 7:483CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Zebis MK, Bencke J, Andersen LL et al (2011) Acute fatigue impairs neuromuscular activity of anterior cruciate ligament-agonist muscles in female team handball players. Scand J Med Sci Sports 21(6):833–840CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Sperlich B, Born DP, Swarén M, Kilian Y, Geesmann B, Kohl-Bareis M, Holmberg HC (2013) Is leg compression beneficial for alpine skiers? BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 5(1):18CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Yu G, Jang YJ, Kim J, Kim JH, Kim HY, Kim K, Panday SB (2016) Potential of IMU sensors in performance analysis of professional alpine skiers. Sensors (Basel) 16(4):463CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Alpine Ski TeamItalian Winter Sport FederationMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations