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Evaluating Alzheimer’s Disease Diagnosis Using Texture Analysis

  • Francisco Jesús Martinez-MurciaEmail author
  • Juan Manuel Górriz
  • Javier Ramírez
  • Fermin Segovia
  • Diego Salas-Gonzalez
  • Diego Castillo-Barnes
  • Ignacio A. Illán
  • Andres Ortiz
  • for the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 723)

Abstract

Many advanced automated systems have been proposed for the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). Most of them use Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) as input data, since it provides high resolution images of the structure of the brain. Usually, Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) systems are based on massive univariate test and classification, although many strategies based on signal decomposition have been proposed for feature extraction in MRI images. In this work, we propose a novel analysis technique comprising the texture analysis of different cortical and subcortical structures in the brain. The procedure shows promising results, achieving up to 81.3% accuracy in the diagnosis task, and up to 79.6% accuracy using only one texture measure at the most discriminant region. These results prove the ability of textural analysis in the characterization of structural neurodegeneration of the brain, and paves the way to future longitudinal and conversion analyses.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was partly supported by the MINECO/ FEDER under the TEC2015-64718-R project and the Consejería de Economía, Innovación, Ciencia y Empleo (Junta de Andalucía, Spain) under the Excellence Project P11-TIC- 7103.

Data collection and sharing for this project was funded by the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) (National Institutes of Health Grant U01 AG024904) and DOD ADNI (Department of Defense award number W81XWH-12-2-0012). ADNI is funded by the National Institute on Aging, the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, and through generous contributions from the following: AbbVie, Alzheimer’s Association; Alzheimer’s Drug Discovery Foundation; Araclon Biotech; BioClinica, Inc.; Biogen; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company; CereSpir, Inc.; Cogstate; Eisai Inc.; Elan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; Eli Lilly and Company; EuroImmun; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd and its affiliated company Genentech, Inc.; Fujirebio; GE Healthcare; IXICO Ltd.; Janssen Alzheimer Immunotherapy Research & Development, LLC.; Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development LLC.; Lumosity; Lundbeck; Merck & Co., Inc.; Meso Scale Diagnostics, LLC.; NeuroRx Research; Neurotrack Technologies; Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation; Pfizer Inc.; Piramal Imaging; Servier; Takeda Pharmaceutical Company; and Transition Therapeutics. The Canadian Institutes of Health Research is providing funds to support ADNI clinical sites in Canada. Private sector contributions are facilitated by the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (www.fnih.org). The grantee organization is the Northern California Institute for Research and Education, and the study is coordinated by the Alzheimers Therapeutic Research Institute at the University of Southern California. ADNI data are disseminated by the Laboratory for Neuro Imaging at the University of Southern California.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francisco Jesús Martinez-Murcia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Juan Manuel Górriz
    • 1
  • Javier Ramírez
    • 1
  • Fermin Segovia
    • 1
  • Diego Salas-Gonzalez
    • 1
  • Diego Castillo-Barnes
    • 1
  • Ignacio A. Illán
    • 2
  • Andres Ortiz
    • 3
  • for the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative
  1. 1.Department of Signal Theory, Networking and CommunicationsUniversity of GranadaGranadaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Scientific ComputingThe Florida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  3. 3.Department of Communications EngineeringUniversity of MálagaMálagaSpain

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