A Simple and Reliable Method of Nipple Reconstruction Using a Spiral Flap Made of Residual Scar Tissue

  • Matteo TorresettiEmail author
  • Alessandro Scalise
  • Giovanni Di Benedetto


Nipple reconstruction represents the final and probably the most important stage of breast reconstruction. Although several techniques have been proposed over the years to restore nipple integrity, the main problem remains the degree of shrinkage in nipple projection after reconstruction. Despite several methods have been introduced to overcome this problem such as autologous, allogenic, and synthetic augmentation grafts, local flaps are the most frequently used technique for the nipple reconstruction. We propose a new, simple, and reliable method of nipple reconstruction in which the residual scar of mastectomy, and eventually a very small amount of healthy skin, is used in to reconstruct a neo-nipple. This technique showed satisfactory outcomes in terms of long-term projection and shape.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matteo Torresetti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alessandro Scalise
    • 1
  • Giovanni Di Benedetto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryMarche Polytechnic University Medical School, Regional HospitalAnconaItaly

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