Maximizing Nipple Graft Survival After Performing Free Nipple-Areolar Complex Reduction Mammaplasty

  • Aris SterodimasEmail author


Gigantomastia is a condition characterized by massive breast enlargement during adolescence or pregnancy. There are different types of techniques that have been used to achieve aesthetically acceptable results after reduction mammoplasty of gynecomastia patients in order to avoid distortion and ischaemia of the nipple-areolar complex (NAC). In cases of massive hypertrophy though, the free nipple graft technique is still being performed by some surgeons out of fear of losing the nipple-areolar complex (NAC). The author described in 2008 the modified free NAC graft in the selected cases of gigantomastia where the surgeon chooses to use the free NAC graft in order to maximize the survival of the free NAC graft in the reduction mammoplasty cases.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plastic SurgeryIASO General HospitalAthensGreece

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