Correction of Inverted Nipples with Twisting and Locking Principle
The causes of inverted nipples include lack of tissue bulk at the nipple base, shortened and underdeveloped lactiferous ducts, and retractile collagen bands at the base of the nipple. The authors review recent techniques for correcting inverted nipples and describe their own technique with twisting and locking principles. There were no cases of recurrence, or complications during the long-term follow-up period were seen. This simple method is highly recommended, especially considering the minimal injury inflicted on the ductal and sensory nervous systems.