Men’s Nipple-Areola Complex

  • Richard VaucherEmail author
  • Raphael Sinna


The surgical approach of gynecomastia, the sexual reassignment surgery in female-to-male transsexuals, and the increase of the number of obese wishing to turn to plastic surgery led us to deepen the anatomical knowledge of the nipple-areola complex (NAC) in men, poorly retailed in the literature. We measured various distances relative to the NAC to define its vertical and horizontal position, as well as the internipple distance according to the size, to the weight, and to the body mass index (BMI). We also presented different methods already describe in the literature. The surgeon’s judgment and the desires of the patient are essential basis of therapeutic decisions that could be leaned on this anatomical study, which allowed to establish an idea of the cartography of the NAC in men and could be helpful most particularly at the beginning of the new surgeon’s training.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic SurgeryAmiens University HospitalAmiens Cedex 1France

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