Religious Discourses and Gender Dynamics: Reflections on the Arab Spring

  • Asma Nouira


This chapter is a case study of the transition of Tunisia’s religious party from perennial opposition to power, albeit for a brief period. It illustrates how Ennahdha, Tunisia’s Islamic party, developed and adapted its rhetoric and its orthodoxy to befit its political agenda. It is one thing to claim scrupulous adherence to divine principles and edicts, and quite another to put these into practice against challenging political realities. This chapter traces the evolution of the party’s policies and the rationale for these policies throughout the Tunisian revolution and the constitution-building process. It also highlights the effects and implications of these religiopolitical discourses on gender dynamics in Tunisia, including gender equity and women’s rights.


  1. Benkorich, N. 2011. L’islamisme à l’heure des printemps égyptien et tunisien. Esprit Mai (5): 162–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bouachrine, I. 2012. Rjal et leurs reines: le printemps arabe et le discours sur la masculinité et la féminité. NAQD 29 (1): 75–86.Google Scholar
  3. Charrad, M. 2011. Tunisia at the Forefront of the Arab World: Two Waves of Gender Legislation. In Women in the Middle East and North Africa: Agents of Change, ed. F. Sadiqi and M. Ennaji, 105–113. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. El Sadda, H. 2015. Article 11: Feminists Negotiating Power in Egypt. Open Democracy, January 5.
  5. El Tibi, Z. 2014. La place de la femme dans l’islam. Société, droit et religion 1 (Numéro 4): 59–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fathally, J. 2012. Les droits des femmes à l’aube du printemps arabe: de “ne pas oublier les femmes” au “Femmes: n’oubliez pas !”. Études internationales 43 (2): 213–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gaté, J. 2014. Droits des femmes et révolutions arabes. La Revue des droits de l’homme [En ligne], 6| 2014, mis en ligne le 01 décembre.Google Scholar
  8. Hafidha, C. 2014. Le combat pour les droits des femmes dans le monde arabe. FMSH-WP-2014-70.Google Scholar
  9. Khosrokhavar, F. 2011. Les révolutions arabes: révolutions de justice sociale et de liberté. Cultures & Conflicts 83 (automne): 108–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lamloum, O. 2006. Les femmes dans le discours islamiste. Confluences Méditerranée 59: 89–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Marks, M. 2013. Women’s Right Before and After the Revolution. In The Making of the Tunisian Revolution: Contexts, Architects, Prospects, ed. N. Gana, 224–251. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Monjid, M. 2013. L’Islam et la modernité dans le droit de la famille au Maghreb: étude comparative: Maroc, Algérie, Tunisie. Paris: L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
  13. Mvogo, F. 2012. Le Printemps arabe: Prémisses et autopsie littéraires. Paris: L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
  14. Roy, O. 2013. Le printemps arabe et le mythe de la nécessaire sécularisation. Socio 2: 25–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Asma Nouira
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Tunis El ManarTunisTunisia

Personalised recommendations