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Gastroesophageal Reflux and Respiratory Tract Symptoms

  • Daniel R. Duncan
  • Rachel L. Rosen
Chapter

Abstract

Gastroesophageal reflux has been held responsible for a variety of respiratory symptoms including asthma, recurrent pneumonia, and myriad upper airway symptoms in the pediatric population. The focus of much of the early research has been on proving the association between esophageal reflux events and extraesophageal symptoms though recent studies have explored the role of biomarkers as novel diagnostic tests. Because of the lack of sensitive diagnostic tests for extraesophageal reflux disease, many clinicians continue to prescribe or recommend empiric medical and surgical reflux therapies though there is again a lack of convincing data showing benefit to these therapies and some studies even suggesting harm. The field of reflux-related respiratory disorders continues to evolve, however, and the challenge of caring for these pediatric patients requires a multidisciplinary team-based approach.

Keywords

Gastroesophageal reflux disease Extraesophageal reflux Reactive airway disease Asthma Recurrent pneumonia Upper airway symptoms Multichannel impedance with pH Pepsin Microbiome Proton pump inhibitor Fundoplication 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aerodigestive Center, Center for Motility and Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders, Division of GastroenterologyHepatology and Nutrition, Boston Children’s HospitalBostonUSA

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