A Combined Statistical Shape Model of the Scalp and Skull of the Human Head

  • Femke Danckaers
  • Daniël Lacko
  • Stijn Verwulgen
  • Guido De Bruyne
  • Toon Huysmans
  • Jan Sijbers
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 591)


In this paper, we describe a framework to build a combined statistical shape model (SSM) of the outer surface of the scalp and the inner and outer surface of the skull of the human head. Such an SSM is a valuable tool when designing headgear, as it captures the variability of head geometry of a given population, enabling detailed analysis of the relation between the shape of the scalp and the skull. A combined SSM of the head may allow to work towards population based Finite Element (FE) models e.g. for safety and comfort predictions when wearing headgear. Therefore, a correspondence between the skull and scalp surfaces, originating from MRI scans, is determined using elastic surface registration. The combined SSM shown to be compact, to be able to generalize to unseen instances by adjusting the shape parameters and to be shape specific. Therefore, we can assure that, by adjusting the shape parameters, a broad range of realistic head shapes can be formed.


Statistical shape model Human head Scalp Skull Headgear SSM 



This work was supported by the Agency for Innovation by Science and Technology in Flanders (IWT-SB 141520 and IWT 140881).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Femke Danckaers
    • 1
  • Daniël Lacko
    • 2
  • Stijn Verwulgen
    • 2
  • Guido De Bruyne
    • 2
  • Toon Huysmans
    • 1
  • Jan Sijbers
    • 1
  1. 1.imec - Vision Lab, Department of Physics, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Product Development, Faculty of Design SciencesUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium

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