MAS Based Demand Response Application in Port City Using Reefers

  • Ntountounakis Manolis
  • Ishtiaq AhmadEmail author
  • Kanellos Fotios
  • Peter Palensky
  • Wolfgang Gawlik
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 722)


Energy system is undergoing remarkable changes due to many factors including increase use of renewables, environmental consideration and technological advancements. This demands for new tools and methods for its efficient and smooth operation. This work proposes distributed demand response application using Multi-Agent System (MAS) for improving voltage in distribution network at port city. Contract-Net-Protocol (CNP) based scheme was used for communication and coordination between agents. A co-simulation framework including power system simulator and agent environment was used to evaluate the proposed MAS based approach. A test network including variable and intermittent renewable generation sources (wind, pv), flexible loads (reefers), non-flexible loads was used to investigate the MAS based approach. Results show that MAS based approach is quite effective for demand response application.


Multi-agent systems Green ports Demand response Distributed generation Reefers 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ntountounakis Manolis
    • 1
  • Ishtiaq Ahmad
    • 2
    Email author
  • Kanellos Fotios
    • 1
  • Peter Palensky
    • 3
  • Wolfgang Gawlik
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Production Engineering and ManagementTechnical University of CreteChaniaGreece
  2. 2.AITAustrian Institute of TechnologyViennaAustria
  3. 3.Delft University of TechnologyDelftNetherlands
  4. 4.Vienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria

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