Advertisement

Surface Sediments Pollution Around Small Shipwrecks (Munin and Abille) in the Gulf of Gdańsk: Magnetic and Heavy Metals Study

  • M. GwizdałaEmail author
  • M. Jeleńska
  • L. Łęczyński
Chapter
Part of the GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences book series (GEPS)

Abstract

Heavy metal contents in sediments from the vicinity of small shipwrecks (Munin and Abille) in the Gulf of Gdańsk and their relationship with mass magnetic susceptibility (χ) were investigated. The values of χ are not very high, however they reveal significant differences between investigated sites. Magnetic susceptibility values vary from 5.33 to 8.02 × 10−8 m3/kg for Abille and from 3.07 × 10−8 m3/kg to 12.92 × 10−8 m3/kg for Munin. It is mainly carried by fraction <0.1 mm in the case of Abille, whereas for Munin χ for <0.1 mm shows different distribution of values. Organic matter content is in the range of 1.60–18.86%, which is characteristic for this area. The concentration of heavy metals is relatively small, as in the case of χ. The relationship amongst analysed heavy metals is strong, but between PLI, LOI and χ is weak. Generally sediments around Munin wreck demonstrate the strong correlation of mass magnetic susceptibility with toxic elements. This is the result of the shipwrecks location and hydrodynamic conditions of this area. The low heavy metal concentration and χ values indicate low level of contamination around both wrecks.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The publication has been partially financed from the funds of the Leading National Research Centre (KNOW) received by the Centre for Polar Studies for the period 2014–2018. The authors would like to thank Dr. P. Szwarczewski for IPC-MS and LOI analyses.

References

  1. Angulo E (1996) The Tomlinson Pollution Load Index applied to heavy metal, ‘Mussel-Watch’ data: a useful index to assess coastal pollution. Sci. Total Environ. 187(1):19–56. doi: 10.1016/0048-9697(96)05128-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beckwith PR, Ellis JB, Revitt DM, Oldfield F (1986) Heavy metal and magnetic relationships for urban source sediments. Phys. Earth Planet. Inter. 42:67–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brodecka A, Majewski P, Bolałek J, Klusek Z (2013) Geochemical and acoustic evidence for the occurrence of methane in sediments of the Polish sector of the southern Baltic Sea. Oceanologia 55(4):951–978. doi: 10.5697/oc.55-4.951 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chaparro MAE, Bidegain JC, Sinito AM, Jurado S, Gogorza CS (2004) Relevant magnetic parameters and heavy metals from relatively polluted stream-sediments—spatial distribution along a Cross city Stream in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Stud. Geophys. Geod. 48(3):615–636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chaparro MAE, Gogorza CSG, Chaparro MAE, Irurzun MA, Sinito AM (2006) Review of magnetism and heavy metal pollution studies of various environments in Argentina. Earth Planets Space 58:1411–1422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Daskalakis KD, O’Connor TP (1995) Distribution of chemical concentrations in US coastal and estuarine sediment. Marine Environ. Res. 40:381–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ďurža O, Gregor T, Antalova S (1993) The effect of the heavy metals soil contamination on the magnetic susceptibility. Acta Universitatis Carolinae Geologica 37:135–143Google Scholar
  8. Evans ME, Heller F (2003) Environmental magnetism, Principles and applications of enviromagnetics. Academic Press, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  9. Forstner U, Wittman GTW (1979) Metal pollution in the aquatic environment. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, pp 1–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gwizdała M., Jeleńska M, Łęczyński L (2016) Magnetometry as a Tool to Estimate the Pollution of Marine Environment Around Small Shipwrecks (Gulf of Gdańsk)–Preliminary Results. Acta Geophysica. 64(5):1691–1702. doi: 10.1515/acgeo-2016-0056
  11. Hunt A, Jones J, Oldfield F (1984) Magnetic measurements and heavy metals in atmospheric particulates of anthropogenic origin. Sci. Total Environ. 33:129–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Huzarska K (2013) Spatial distribution of biological and physical sediment parameters in the western Gulf of Gdańsk. Oceanologia 55(2):453–470. doi: 10.5697/oc.55-2.453 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jordanova D, Jordanova N, Lanos P, Petrov P, Tsacheva T (2012) Magnetism of outdoor and indoor settled dust and its utilization as a tool for revealing the effect of elevated particulate air pollution on cardiovascular mortality. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 13(8):Q08Z49. doi: 10.1029/2012GC004160
  14. Jordanova NV, Jordanova DV, Veneva L, Andorova K, Petrovsky E (2003) Magnetic response of soils and vegetation to heavy metal pollution—a case of study. Environ. Sci. Tech. 37:4417–4424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kot-Wasik A, Dębska J, Namieśnik J (2004) Monitoring of organic pollutants in coastal waters of the Gulf of Gdańsk. Southern Baltic, Marine Pollution Bullet. 49(3):264–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Maher BA, Thompson R (1999) Quaternary climate, environments and magnetism. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rogowska J, Kudłak B, Tsakovski S, Gałuszka A, Bajger-Nowak G, Simeonov V, Konieczka P, Wolska L, Namieśnik J (2015) Surface sediments pollution due to shipwreck s/s “Stuttgart”: a multidisciplinary approach. Stoch. Environ. Res. Risk Assess. 29:7. doi: 10.1007/s00477-015-1054-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Schmidt A, Yarnolda R, Hilla M, Ashmorea M (2005) Magnetic susceptibility as proxy for heavy metal pollution: a site study. J. Geochem. Explor. 85:109–117. doi: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2004.12.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Strzyszcz Z (1993) Magnetic susceptibility of soils in the areas influenced by industrial emssions. Soil monitoring. Biddgtuser Verlag Basel, Monte Verita, pp 155–269Google Scholar
  20. Strzyszcz Z, Magiera T (1998) Magnetic susceptibility and heavy metal contamination in soils of southern Poland. Phys. Chem. Earth 23:1127–1131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Szefer P (2002) Metals, metalloids and radionuclides in the Baltic Sea ecosystem, trace metals in the environment. Elsevier, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. Szefer P, Glasby GP, Geldon J, Renner RM, Björn E, Snell J, Frech W, Warzocha J (2009) Heavy-metal pollution of sediments from the Polish exclusive economic zone, southern Baltic Sea. Environ. Geol. 57:847–862. doi: 10.1007/s00254-008-1364-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Thompson R, Oldfield F (1986) Environmental magnetism. Allen & Unwin, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Tomlinson DC, Wilson JG, Harris CR, Jeffrey DW (1980) Problems in the assessment of heavy metals in estuaries and the formation pollution index. Helgol. Mar. Res. 33:566–575Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of GeophysicsPolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Institute of OceanographyUniversity of GdańskGdyniaPoland

Personalised recommendations