This chapter lays the foundation for what is to come in this book. The chapters that follow examine and explicitly deal with issues that have been ignored by the dominant socio-economic theory and practice. The authors aim to use alternative perspectives in ways that go beyond traditional dominant socio-economic theories. The chapters examine and question the prevailing consensus and as such illustrate alternative responses to the crisis for the benefit of the people. The methodology adopted is holistic, historical, dynamic and comparative in nature.