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Assisting Malware Analysis with Symbolic Execution: A Case Study

  • Roberto Baldoni
  • Emilio Coppa
  • Daniele Cono D’Elia
  • Camil Demetrescu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10332)

Abstract

Security analysts spend days or even weeks in trying to understand the inner workings of malicious software, using a plethora of manually orchestrated tools. Devising automated tools and techniques to assist and speed up the analysis process remains a major endeavor in computer security. While manual intervention will likely remain a key ingredient in the short and mid term, the recent advances in static and dynamic analysis techniques have the potential to significantly impact the malware analysis practice. In this paper we show how an analyst can use symbolic execution techniques to unveil critical behavior of a remote access trojan (RAT). Using a tool we implemented in the Angr framework, we analyze a sample drawn from a well-known RAT family that leverages thread injection vulnerabilities in the Microsoft Win32 API. Our case study shows how to automatically derive the list of commands supported by the RAT and the sequence of system calls that are activated for each of them, systematically exploring the stealthy communication protocol with the server and yielding clues to potential threats that may pass unnoticed by a manual inspection.

Keywords

Malware RAT APT Symbolic execution Angr 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to the anonymous CSCML 2017 referees for their many useful comments. This work is partially supported by a grant of the Italian Presidency of Ministry Council and by CINI Cybersecurity National Laboratory within the project “FilieraSicura: Securing the Supply Chain of Domestic Critical Infrastructures from Cyber Attacks” (www.filierasicura.it) funded by CISCO Systems Inc. and Leonardo SpA.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Baldoni
    • 1
  • Emilio Coppa
    • 1
  • Daniele Cono D’Elia
    • 1
  • Camil Demetrescu
    • 1
  1. 1.Software Analysis and Optimization Laboratory, Department of Computer, Control, and Management Engineering, Cyber Intelligence and Information Security Research CenterSapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

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