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Connection Between East Asian Air Pollution and Monsoon System

  • Mian ChinEmail author
  • Huisheng Bian
  • Tom Kucsera
  • Thomas Diehl
  • Zhining Tao
  • Dongchul Kim
  • Xiaohua Pan
Chapter
  • 1.4k Downloads
Part of the ISSI Scientific Report Series book series (ISSI, volume 16)

Abstract

We present in this chapter a study on connections between the wintertime East Asian air pollution phenomenon and the monsoon strength. East Asia has been experiencing a fast worsening of air quality in recent years, particularly in winter, a problem commonly attributed to the increase of pollutant emissions associated with the rapid economic development. Meanwhile, previous studies have shown that the decadal-scale weakening of the Asian monsoon also contributed to the increase of PM2.5 (particulate matter with diameter less than 2.5 μm), a major pollutant that determines the air quality. Using a global modeling system, we investigate the emission and meteorological effects on the wintertime surface PM2.5 concentrations in East Asia in the past 30 years and find their relationship to the monsoon strength. We also examine the feedbacks between aerosols and meteorological fields via aerosol-radiation interaction to estimate the effects of such interaction on air quality.

Keywords

East Asian air pollution Winter monsoon Connection 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is funded by NASA Atmospheric Composition Modeling and Analysis Program (ACMAP).

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Copyright information

© US Government (outside the USA) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mian Chin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Huisheng Bian
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tom Kucsera
    • 1
    • 3
  • Thomas Diehl
    • 4
  • Zhining Tao
    • 1
    • 3
  • Dongchul Kim
    • 1
    • 3
  • Xiaohua Pan
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.NASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  2. 2.University of Maryland Baltimore CountyBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Universities Space Research Association7178 Columbia Gateway Dr.ColumbiaUSA
  4. 4.Joint Research CenterIspraItaly
  5. 5.University of Maryland College ParkCollege ParkUSA

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