Pan-Tourism Urbanization Model Based on System Dynamics: A Case Study of Barkam

  • Lin Hu
  • Lu GanEmail author
  • Qian Yang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)


With the rapid development of urbanization, tourism-driven urbanization process has become an important development strategy in China. There are many examples of the tourism urbanization, however, the integration with industries is scarce. In order to describe the characterization of the industrial clusters system, this paper uses SPSS [8] to analyze the data. And it also uses DYNAMO simulation language and Vensim [2] to establish the pan-tourism urbanization model based on the theory of industrial cluster and system dynamics. Simultaneously, taking Barkam city in the northwestern Tibetan area of Sichuan as an example, this paper analyzes the operation mechanism of pan-tourism urbanization mode to find the optimal system structure, which can provide corresponding scientific basis and theoretical support for promoting the development of urban and rural areas, improving the level of new urbanization and building new towns.


System dynamics Pan-tourism Industrial cluster Simulation 



This research was supported by the Key Funds of Sichuan Social Science Research Institution “System Science and Enterprise Development Research” (Grant NO. Xq15B09), the Youth Funds of Sichuan Provincial Education Department (Grant NO. 14ZB0014), and the Humanities Social and Sciences Research Funds of Education Ministry (Grant NO. 15XJC630001).


  1. 1.
    Alexandrova A, Vladimirov Y (2016) Tourism clusters in russia: what are their key features the case of vologda region. Worldwide Hospitality Tourism Themes 8(3):346–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Eberlein RL, Peterson DW (1992) Understanding models with vensim. Eur J Oper Res 59:216–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fang C, Jing W (2013) A theoretical analysis of interactive coercing effects between urbanization and eco-environment. Chin Geogr Sci 23(2):147–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gimzauskiene E, Duoba K et al (2015) Tourism clusters in eastern poland - analysis of selected aspects of the operation. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 213:957–964CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jackson J (2006) Developing regional tourism in china: the potential for activating business clusters in a socialist market economy. Tourism Manag 27(4):695–706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jackson J, Murphy P (2006) Clusters in regional tourism an australian case. Ann Tourism Res 33(4):1018–1035CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jian ML, Chi FL (2016) A qualitative study of urbanization effects on hotel development. J Hospitality Tourism Manag 29:135–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liu RX, Kuang J et al (2001) Principal component regression analysis with SPSS. Comput Methods Programs Biomed 71(2):141–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Matinzadeh MM, Koupai JA et al (2017) Development of an innovative integrated model for the simulation of nitrogen dynamics in farmlands with drainage systems using the system dynamics approach. Ecol Model 347:11–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mullins P (1991) Tourism urbanization. Int J Urban Reg Res 15(3):326–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ning B, He Y (2007) Tourism development and water pollution: case study in Lijiang Ancient Town. China Population Resour Environ 17(5):123–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Porter M (1990) Competitive Advantage of Nations. Free Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Qian J, Feng D, Zhu H (2012) Tourism-driven urbanization in china’s small town development: a case study of zhapo town, 1986–2003. Habitat Int 36(1):152–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sun PJ, Song CL et al (2013) Non-coordination in china’s urbanization: assessment and affecting factors. Chin Geogr Sci 23(6):729–739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Surya B (2016) The processes analysis of urbanization, spatial articulation, social change and social capital difference in the dynamics of new town development in the fringe area of makassar city (case study: In metro tanjungbunga area, makassar city). Procedia Soc Behav Sci 227:216–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tan Y, Xu H et al (2017) A study of best practices in promoting sustainable urbanization in china. J Environ Manag 193:8–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhao B, Tang T, Ning B (2017) System dynamics approach for modelling the variation of organizational factors for risk control in automatic metro. Saf Sci 94:128–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhou XY, Fu DM et al (2016) Research on interaction between industrial clusters and urbanization based on system dynamics. J Shenyang Univ Technol 9(1):47–52 (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Architecture and Urban-Rural PlanningSichuan Agricultural UniversityDujiangyanPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations