Levels of Trace Data for Social and Behavioural Science Research

  • Kevin Crowston
Part of the Computational Social Sciences book series (CSS)


The explosion of data available from online systems such as social media is creating a wealth of trace data, that is, data that record evidence of human activity. The volume of data available offers great potential to advance social and behavioural science research. However, the data are of a very different kind than more conventional social and behavioural science data, posing challenges to use. This paper adopts a data framework from Earth observation science and applies it to trace data to identify possible issues in analysing trace data. Application of the framework also reveals issues for sharing and reusing data.


Data design Data capture Secondary data analysis Behavioral data Human data 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Syracuse University School of Information StudiesSyracuseUSA

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