State Estimation of the Performance of Gravity Tables Using Multispectral Image Analysis
Gravity tables are important machinery that separate dense (healthy) grains from lighter (low yielding varieties) aiding in improving the overall quality of seed and grain processing. This paper aims at evaluating the operating states of such tables, which is a critical criterion required for the design and automation of the next generation of gravity separators. We present a method capable of detecting differences in grain densities, that as an elementary step forms the basis for a related optimization of gravity tables. The method is based on a multispectral imaging technology, capable of capturing differences in the surface chemistry of the kernels. The relevant micro-properties of the grains are estimated using a Canonical Discriminant Analysis (CDA) that segments the captured grains into individual kernels and we show that for wheat, our method correlates well with control measurements (\(R^2 = 0.93\)).
KeywordsCDA Gravity tables Multispectral imaging and state optimization
This project is supported by the Seventh Framework Programme of EU, Industry-Academia Partnerships and Pathways (IAPP) - Marie Curie Actions: Grant no. 324433 and the Innovation Fund Denmark under the SpectraSeed project (number 110-2012-1). The authors would also like to thank Jan Straby and Morten Seidenfaden from Westrup A/S for their help and support throughout this work.
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