Design, Needs, and Aspirations in International Development

  • Kentaro Toyama
Conference paper
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 504)


As with other forms of social change, international development requires deep changes in human attitudes, skills, and values. Traditional design, however, stresses convenience and accommodation of users. Thus, while development requires human change, designers seek to avoid any need for people to change. This mismatch between the demands of social change and the mainstream attitude of design is at the heart of a range of persistent challenges in ICT for development. I propose that the problem can be addressed in part by shifting from an approach based on needs to an approach based on aspirations.


ICT4D ICTD Design Aspiration-based development 


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Copyright information

© © IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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