This paper presents the study we have done to detect “meditation” brain state by analyzing electroencephalographic (EEG) data. We firstly discuss what is “meditation” state and some prior studies on meditation. We then discuss how meditation state can be reflected in the subject’s brain waves; and what features of the brain waves data can be used in machine learning algorithms to classify meditation state from other states. We studied the suitability of 3 types of entropy: Shannon entropy, approximate entropy, and sample entropy in different circumstances. We found that overall Sample entropy is a good tool to extract information from EEG data. Discretization of EEG data enhances the classification rates by using both the approximate entropy and Shannon entropy.


Meditation Machine learning Electroencephalogram (EEG) Entropy Classification 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and Engineering TechnologyUniversity of Houston-DowntownHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsIllinois State UniversityNormalUSA

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