Advertisement

Mapping Natural Language to Description Logic

  • Bikash Gyawali
  • Anastasia Shimorina
  • Claire Gardent
  • Samuel Cruz-Lara
  • Mariem Mahfoudh
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10249)

Abstract

While much work on automated ontology enrichment has focused on mining text for concepts and relations, little attention has been paid to the task of enriching ontologies with complex axioms. In this paper, we focus on a form of text that is frequent in industry, namely system installation design principle (SIDP) and we present a framework which can be used both to map SIDPs to OWL DL axioms and to assess the quality of these automatically derived axioms. We present experimental results on a set of 960 SIDPs provided by Airbus which demonstrate (i) that the approach is robust (97.50% of the SIDPs can be parsed) and (ii) that DL axioms assigned to full parses are very likely to be correct in 96% of the cases.

Keywords

Natural language processing OWL Quality checks 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research has been partially supported by the ITEA 2 Eureka Cluster Programme under the ModelWriter project (Grant 13028).

References

  1. 1.
    Bernstein, A., Kaufmann, E., Göhring, A., Kiefer, C.: Querying ontologies: A controlled english interface for end-users. In: Gil, Y., Motta, E., Benjamins, V.R., Musen, M.A. (eds.) ISWC 2005. LNCS, vol. 3729, pp. 112–126. Springer, Heidelberg (2005). doi: 10.1007/11574620_11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bozsak, E., et al.: KAON — Towards a large scale semantic web. In: Bauknecht, K., Tjoa, A.M., Quirchmayr, G. (eds.) EC-Web 2002. LNCS, vol. 2455, pp. 304–313. Springer, Heidelberg (2002). doi: 10.1007/3-540-45705-4_32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Buitelaar, P., Cimiano, P., Magnini, B.: Ontology Learning From Text: Methods, Evaluation and Applications. IOS press, Amsterdam (2005)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Charlet, J., Szulman, S., Pierra, G., Nadah, N., Téguiak, H.V., Aussenac-Gilles, N., Nazarenko, A.: Dafoe: A multimodel and multimethod platform for building domain ontologies. 2e Journées Francophones sur les Ontologies. ACM, Lyon, France (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cimiano, P., Völker, J.: Text2Onto: A framework for ontology learning and data-driven change discovery. In: Montoyo, A., Muńoz, R., Métais, E. (eds.) NLDB 2005. LNCS, vol. 3513, pp. 227–238. Springer, Heidelberg (2005). doi: 10.1007/11428817_21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Frantzi, K.T., Ananiadou, S., Tsujii, J.: The C-value/NC-value method of automatic recognition for multi-word terms. In: Nikolaou, C., Stephanidis, C. (eds.) ECDL 1998. LNCS, vol. 1513, pp. 585–604. Springer, Heidelberg (1998). doi: 10.1007/3-540-49653-X_35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gardent, C., Kallmeyer, L.: Semantic construction in feature-based TAG. In: Proceedings of EACL. pp. 123–130. Association for Computational Linguistics (2003)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gardent, C., Kow, E.: A symbolic approach to near-deterministic surface realisation using tree adjoining grammar. In: Proceedings of ACL, pp. 328–335. ACL (2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Harrison, M.A.: Introduction to Formal Language Theory. Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc., Boston (1978)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Horridge, M., Bechhofer, S.: The OWL API: A java API for OWL ontologies. Semant. Web 2(1), 11–21 (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Horridge, M., Parsia, B., Sattler, U.: Explaining inconsistencies in OWL ontologies. In: Godo, L., Pugliese, A. (eds.) SUM 2009. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 5785, pp. 124–137. Springer, Heidelberg (2009). doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-04388-8_11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jia, R., Liang, P.: Data recombination for neural semantic parsing (2016). arXiv preprint. arXiv:1606.03622
  13. 13.
    Kaljurand, K., Fuchs, N.E.: Verbalizing OWL in attempto controlled english. In: OWLED, vol. 258 (2007)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Maedche, A., Staab, S.: Semi-automatic engineering of ontologies from text. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, pp. 231–239. Citeseer (2000)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Manning, C.D., Surdeanu, M., Bauer, J., Finkel, J.R., Bethard, S., McClosky, D.: The stanford CoreNLP natural language processing toolkit. In: ACL (System Demonstrations), pp. 55–60 (2014)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Papineni, K., Roukos, S., Ward, T., Zhu, W.J.: BLEU: A method for automatic evaluation of machine translation. In: Proceedings of ACL, pp. 311–318. ACL (2002)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Petrucci, G., Ghidini, C., Rospocher, M.: Ontology learning in the deep. In: Blomqvist, E., Ciancarini, P., Poggi, F., Vitali, F. (eds.) EKAW 2016. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 10024, pp. 480–495. Springer, Cham (2016). doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-49004-5_31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ruiz-Casado, M., Alfonseca, E., Castells, P.: Automatic extraction of semantic relationships for wordnet by means of pattern learning from wikipedia. In: Montoyo, A., Muńoz, R., Métais, E. (eds.) NLDB 2005. LNCS, vol. 3513, pp. 67–79. Springer, Heidelberg (2005). doi: 10.1007/11428817_7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Szulman, S., Aussenac-Gilles, N., Charlet, J., Nazarenko, A., Sardet, E., Teguiak, H.: DAFOE: A platform for building ontologies from texts. In: EKAW (2010)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tablan, V., Polajnar, T., Cunningham, H., Bontcheva, K.: User-friendly ontology authoring using a controlled language. In: Proceedings of LREC (2006)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Völker, J., Hitzler, P., Cimiano, P.: Acquisition of OWL DL axioms from lexical resources. In: Franconi, E., Kifer, M., May, W. (eds.) ESWC 2007. LNCS, vol. 4519, pp. 670–685. Springer, Heidelberg (2007). doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-72667-8_47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wang, Y., Berant, J., Liang, P.: Building a semantic parser overnight. In: Proceedings of ACL 2015, pp. 1332–1342 (2015)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zouaq, A., Nkambou, R.: Building domain ontologies from text for educational purposes. IEEE Trans. Learn. Technol. 1(1), 49–62 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bikash Gyawali
    • 1
  • Anastasia Shimorina
    • 1
  • Claire Gardent
    • 1
  • Samuel Cruz-Lara
    • 1
  • Mariem Mahfoudh
    • 1
  1. 1.CNRS/LORIANancyFrance

Personalised recommendations