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Improvement of Grapevine Planting Stock Through Sanitary Selection and Pathogen Elimination

  • D. A. GolinoEmail author
  • M. Fuchs
  • S. Sim
  • K. Farrar
  • G. P. Martelli
Chapter

Abstract

Sanitary selection is the most economic, prophylactic strategy to reduce the presence of viruses in propagation material and limit their prevalence in newly established vineyards through the production of clean stocks from which high-quality planting material is derived. The selection of clean stock requires efficient therapy methodologies and rigorous screening of elite accessions of scion and rootstock material for economically important viruses. Several therapeutic methodologies have been developed to sanitize infected accessions, among which microshoot tip culture is one of the most commonly employed for its effectiveness, ease of implementation, and reduced potential to regenerate off-type vines. Efforts at clean plant centers throughout the world to select and produce clean stocks are contributing directly to increasing the quality of the planting material, augmenting the profitability of vineyards, and sustaining the development of the grape and wine industry.

Keywords

Clean stock Disease Economic value Grapevine Microshoot tip culture Sanitary selection Therapeutics Virus 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. A. Golino
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Fuchs
    • 2
  • S. Sim
    • 3
  • K. Farrar
    • 3
  • G. P. Martelli
    • 4
  1. 1.Foundation Plant ServicesUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  2. 2.Section of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, School of Integrative Plant ScienceNew York State Agricultural Experiment Station Cornell UniversityGenevaUSA
  3. 3.Foundation Plant Services, Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  4. 4.Department of Soil, Plant and Food SciencesUniversity of Bari Aldo MoroBariItaly

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