GeNeDis 2016 pp 283-289 | Cite as

The Effects of Anodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Working Memory

  • Marianna Katsoulaki
  • Alexandros Kastrinis
  • Maria Tsekoura
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 987)


The aim of this paper was to review the effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tdcs) on working memory in healthy population. Ten studies were identified involving 319 subjects. Working memory performance was measured using cognitive tasks such as the n-back task, digit span forward or digit span backwards test, Sternberg WM task, the Pacet Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT) and the Pacet Auditory Serial Subtraction Task (PASST), verbal and visuospatial tasks and the Operation Span (OSpan) task. All studies showed that anodal tdcs co-administered with cognitive tasks can significantly enhance working memory performance by inducing cortical excitability. Further research should be made towards older population as aging is accompanied with a decline in cognitive abilities and patients with memory deficits to demonstrate whether tdcs can be used as an interventional mean in clinical context as well.


Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) Working memory 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marianna Katsoulaki
    • 1
  • Alexandros Kastrinis
    • 1
  • Maria Tsekoura
    • 2
  1. 1.Independent ResearcherAthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of Physical TherapyTechnological Institute of Western Greece, School of Health and WelfareAigioGreece

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