Anxiety and Depression in Staff of Mental Units: The Role of Burnout
One of the most investigated areas is the study of job stress and anxiety and its effects on the professionals’ mental health status. The purpose of this study was to research the levels of anxiety and depression in staff that works in mental units and if burnout is related with these mental health parameters. The sample consisted of 217 mental health care professionals from mental health care units of all over Greece. The Greek version of the Symptoms Rating Scale for Depression and Anxiety (SRSDA) questionnaire was used to evaluate the levels of anxiety and depression and the Greek version of Maslach’s Burnout Inventory (MBI) were used. Descriptive statistics were initially generated for sample characteristics. General linear models with MBI dimensions as independent variables and the anxiety and depression subscales of SRSDA as dependent variables were used to determine the relation between burnout and mental health parameters. Statistics were processed with SPSS v. 19.0. Statistical significance was set at p = 0.05. The average age of the sample was 39.00 ± 8.19 years. Regarding gender the percentage of men was 24.88% (N = 54) and of women 75.11% (N = 163). The means for the subscales of SRSDA were 4.91 ± 4.87 for Anxiety, 6.21 ± 5.92 for Depression Beck-21 and 2.83 ± 3.41 for Depression Beck-13. The results of general linear models are shown that Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization are statistically correlated with Anxiety and Depression Subscales of SRSDA. Burnout plays an important role in anxiety and depression levels of the staff that works in mental health units all over Greece.
KeywordsAnxiety Depression Burnout Mental health staff
Authors would like to thanks all health care professionals from mental health units that participated in the study.
Conflict of Interest
All authors declare that there is no financial or personal conflict of interest related to this paper.
There was no funding for the current work.
Conception and design: IVP, DD; statistical analysis: KT; writing of the manuscript: IVP, CFK and ECF; interpretation of study findings and reviewing of the manuscript: IVP, AT, DD; final approval of the manuscript: IVP, KT, CFK, ECF AT, and DD.
- 1.Abd El-aal, N.H., and N.I. Haasan. 2014. Relationship Between Staff Nurses’ Satisfaction with Quality of Work and Their Levels of Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Critical Care Units. Journal of American Science 10 (1s): 91–101. http://www.jofamericanscience.org.
- 6.Fradelos, E.C., K. Tsaras, O. Velenzta, E. Vasiliadou, N. Aouant, P. Palla, D. Mitsi, K. Anastopoulou, and I.V. Papathanasiou. 2016. Relation Between Burnout, Mental Health and Aggression of Nursing Personnel. Journal of Disease and Global Health 7 (3): 156–163.Google Scholar
- 10.Cherniss, C. 1980. Professional Burnout in Human Service Organizations. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
- 12.———. 1990. Type Α Behavior and Nonwork Activities. Personality and Individual Differences 18: 322–328.Google Scholar
- 15.Fradelos, E.C., G. Tzitzikos, V. Giannouli, P. Argyrou, C. Vassilopoulou, and P. Theofilou. 2014. Assessment of Burn-Out and Quality of Life in Nursing Professionals: The Contribution of Perceived Social Support. Health Psychology Research 2 (1): 984. doi: 10.4081/hpr.2014.984.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 18.Greenglass, E.R. 1993. The Contribution of Social Support to Coping Strategies. In Special Issue on Women and Management, Guest Editors: Esther R. Greenglass and Judi Marshall, Applied Psychology: An International Review 42 (4): 323–340.Google Scholar
- 21.Rossouw, L., S. Seedat, R.A. Emsley, S. Suliman, and D. Hagemeister. 2013. The Prevalence of Burnout and Depression in Medical Doctors Working in the Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Community Healthcare Clinics and District Hospitals of the Provincial Government of the Western Cape: A Cross-Sectional Study. South African Family Practice 55 (6): 567–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 35.Reilly, N.P. 1994. Exploring a Paradox: Commitment as a Moderator of the Stressor-Burnout Relationship. Journal of Applied Psychology 24: 297–314.Google Scholar
- 37.Anagnostopoulos, F., and D. Papadatou. 1992. Reliability and Validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory to a Population of Nurses. Journal of Psychological Issues 5: 183–202.Google Scholar
- 45.Lazarus, R.S., and S. Folkman. 1984. Stress, Appraisal and Coping. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- 49.Fradelos, E., S. Mpelegrinos, C. Mparo, C. Vassilopoulou, P. Argyrou, S. Zyga, M. Tsironi, and P. Theofilou. 2014. Burnout Syndrome Impacts on Quality of Life in Nursing Professionals: The Contribution of Perceived Social Support. Progress in Health Sciences 4 (1): 102–109.Google Scholar
- 50.Papathanasiou, I.V., Ch. Kleisiaris, K. Tsaras, E. Fradelos, and L. Kourkouta. 2015. General Satisfaction Among Healthcare Workers: Differences Between Employees in Medical and Mental Health Sector. Materia Socio Medica 27 (4): 225–228. doi: 10.5455/msm.2015.27.225-228.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar