GeNeDis 2016 pp 185-197 | Cite as

Anxiety and Depression in Staff of Mental Units: The Role of Burnout

  • Ioanna V. Papathanasiou
  • Konstantinos Tsaras
  • Christos F. Kleisiaris
  • Evangelos C. Fradelos
  • Areti Tsaloglidou
  • Dimitrios Damigos
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 987)


One of the most investigated areas is the study of job stress and anxiety and its effects on the professionals’ mental health status. The purpose of this study was to research the levels of anxiety and depression in staff that works in mental units and if burnout is related with these mental health parameters. The sample consisted of 217 mental health care professionals from mental health care units of all over Greece. The Greek version of the Symptoms Rating Scale for Depression and Anxiety (SRSDA) questionnaire was used to evaluate the levels of anxiety and depression and the Greek version of Maslach’s Burnout Inventory (MBI) were used. Descriptive statistics were initially generated for sample characteristics. General linear models with MBI dimensions as independent variables and the anxiety and depression subscales of SRSDA as dependent variables were used to determine the relation between burnout and mental health parameters. Statistics were processed with SPSS v. 19.0. Statistical significance was set at p = 0.05. The average age of the sample was 39.00 ± 8.19 years. Regarding gender the percentage of men was 24.88% (N = 54) and of women 75.11% (N = 163). The means for the subscales of SRSDA were 4.91 ± 4.87 for Anxiety, 6.21 ± 5.92 for Depression Beck-21 and 2.83 ± 3.41 for Depression Beck-13. The results of general linear models are shown that Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization are statistically correlated with Anxiety and Depression Subscales of SRSDA. Burnout plays an important role in anxiety and depression levels of the staff that works in mental health units all over Greece.


Anxiety Depression Burnout Mental health staff 



Authors would like to thanks all health care professionals from mental health units that participated in the study.

Conflict of Interest

All authors declare that there is no financial or personal conflict of interest related to this paper.


There was no funding for the current work.

Author Contributions

Conception and design: IVP, DD; statistical analysis: KT; writing of the manuscript: IVP, CFK and ECF; interpretation of study findings and reviewing of the manuscript: IVP, AT, DD; final approval of the manuscript: IVP, KT, CFK, ECF AT, and DD.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioanna V. Papathanasiou
    • 1
  • Konstantinos Tsaras
    • 1
  • Christos F. Kleisiaris
    • 2
  • Evangelos C. Fradelos
    • 3
  • Areti Tsaloglidou
    • 4
  • Dimitrios Damigos
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of NursingTechnological Educational Institute of ThessalyLarissaGreece
  2. 2.Nursing DepartmentTechnological Educational Institute of CreteHeraklionGreece
  3. 3.Department of Nursing Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life SciencesUniversity of PeloponneseSpartaGreece
  4. 4.Nursing DepartmentAlexander Technological Educational Institute of ThessalonikiThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  5. 5.Department of Psychiatry, School of MedicineUniversity of IoanninaIoanninaGreece

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