Internal Impingement

  • Nicolas J. DedyEmail author
  • Fraser J. Taylor


A 25-year-old professional volleyball player presents with an insidious onset deep posterior shoulder pain and loss of power during play in his dominant arm. Examination reveals a protracted scapula, Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficit (GIRD) with an increase in external rotation of the shoulder in the abducted position and a reduced internal rotation, a positive internal impingement test, and a positive relocation test.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Krankenhaus Barmherzige Brüder RegensburgRegensburgGermany
  2. 2.Gold Coast University HospitalGold CoastAustralia

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